Gerbera Report Project Report will help you every time to run this business effectively. If you are planning to start your entrepreneurial journey by initiating a new business, then you have made the right choice by choosing the gerbera cultivation business from many profitable business ideas in India. You can easily start this business with the support of the government subsidy and arranging the required capital investment. You need to know a lot about this business as it is just the beginning, and you might have many doubts and queries about this startup.
One can explore all the important details about this start-up that we have written in our project report. Our experts have made your work easy by writing a gerbera farming project report that you will require to avail bank loan for this business and also using it as a map for your new journey.
Gerbera species are tufted, caulescent, perennial herbs, often with woolly crowns, which are high up to 80 cm. Their leaves are all a rosette, elliptical having entire or toothed margins or lobed, petiolate, or with a petaloid base. They are pinnately veined, often leathery and felted beneath. They have single to numerous flowering stems from each side of the rosette bear bracteate or ebracteate, simple, one-headed inflorescence capitulum.
Gerbera Cultivation Project Report
Capitula are radiated, with different types of rows bracts. Ray florets are female, 2-lipped and the outer lip is very large and strap-shaped whereas the inner lip consists of two small. It has thread-like lobes of white, pink, or red; sometimes it’s rarely yellow. Disc florets are very much fertile and they are five-lobed.
Gerbera is mostly known as the Transvaal daisy or Bar Berton daisy or African daisy. It is a significant commercial cut flower crop. Gerbera flowers have a huge range of colors which include yellow, orange, cream-white, pink, brick red, red, terracotta, and several other intermediate colors. In double varieties, bicolor flowers are available too. Gerbera flowers have long stalks, are thin, and are also very leafy with a long vase life.
The major producing states of India are Karnataka, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Jammu, Kashmir, Gujarat, and Tamil Nadu. Gerbera Cultivation project report is a necessary document that will help you get all the necessary licenses, help you set up this factory, and avail financial assistance from the banks. You can use it as a map that has all the solutions to your doubts and can resolve your problems in a gist of time.
Climate Required to Grow Gerbera Flowers
Bright sunshine helps to accelerate high growth and the quality of growing flowers. However, in summer, this flower needs diffused sunlight. Gerbera plants are mostly grown in locations that have insufficient light and will not bloom well. The optimum day and night temperatures should be between 27oC and 14oC. For the flower initiation, an optimum temperature is 23 degrees Celsius, and for the leaf unfolding it is 25 – 27 degrees celsius respectively.
Type of Soil Required to Grow Gerbera Flowers
Two factors are considered while selecting the soil for Gerbera cultivation. The pH of the soil must range between 5.5 to 6.5. The salinity level of the soil does not exceed 1 ms/cm. For better growth of roots and also better penetration of roots of the flower, the soil should be highly porous and also well-drained.
Red lateritic soil has good growth for Gerbera cultivation as it has all the essential qualities which an ideal soil should have.
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License Required to Start Gerbera Cultivation in India
- You should have GST Registration, which is a must for your floriculture business.
- The local authorities’ Trade License may be required.
- Keep in your mind that it is a water-intensive project.
- The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) is a licensing authority for the developing and exporting of the floriculture sector and adding new products.
- Incentives, entrepreneurship programs, and bank loans may be available for the entrepreneurs in the business.
Market Analysis of Gerbera Flowers
India is bestowed with diverse agro-climatic and also with ecological conditions, which are favorable for growing all the types of commercially important flowers which are generally found in different parts of the globe. It enjoys the best climate in the selected pockets for floriculture during the winter season. India has an enviable position to become a leader in the world of floricultural trade because of the prevailing congenial location along with a favorable climate of liberalization and specific incentives by government and floricultural development.
Specific and authentic quantitative data is not much available for existing production and the area under floriculture in India. According to the horticulture production yearbook of 2001, an area of 88,600 ha during 1999-2000 came under floriculture in India with high growth of production of 5.09 lakh MT of loose flowers and nearby 680.6 million numbers of cut flowers. The production of loose flowers was grown on 73,536 ha of land. Flowers that are grown under open cultivation and also under-protected cultivation are included too. In the playhouse, basically, roses are grown for the doing export. Other flowers which are meant to be exotic includes such as carnations, gerbera, orchids, lilium and several other bulbous flowers which are now increasingly produced commercially both for the export and domestic market.
Floricultural exports from India during 1997-98 was maximum Rs. 81.20 crore, Rs. 96.60 crore in early 1998 to 1999, Rs. 105.15 crore in 1999-2000 and Rs. 190.63 crore in 2000-01. Apart from this increase in India exports, it also shares international flower trade which hasn’t increased during 1995 to 2000 and still remained at around 0.35 per cent. There were over 300 Export units oriented in India. The business established of the floriculture in India in 2005 was Rs 8174 lakhs while it has now increased to more than Rs10117 lakh by April from 2007.
No matter whether there is a birthday or someone’s death anniversary, people love gifting flowers to each other. So by this, you can assume the size of the flower cultivation market. Roses are flowers that are generally used for romantic dates or for your loved ones but Gerbera can be given to anyone and it has multiple uses too.
Anyone can grow gerberas in their fields, decorative flowers, anywhere soon. Thanks to the ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticulture, Bengaluru has developed two new varieties of Gerbera that can be grown by farmers in big open fields, unlike in the greenhouse currently.
Ideal Location for Plantation of Gerbera Flowers
More than 50 % of floriculture units are based in the zone of South and mainly in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu. The main importing countries to India of floricultural products in the order are The Netherlands, USA, Japan, Germany, Italy, Denmark, Egypt, Singapore, Switzerland, France, Australia, UAE, Belgium, and Sri Lanka. Between the years 1999-2000, Indian floricultural products were exported to 75 different countries.
Government Schemes Available for Gerbera Flowers Cultivation
For Gerbera, the cultivation requires a massive investment in it, but the central government and state government offers a subsidy for prompting hi-tech farming. Different states have different subsidy percentages. Bank offers you a loan to total gerbera cultivation.
How Much Do I Need to Spend for Starting Gerbera Flowers Cultivation?
Basically, for around 0.5 acres (2008 sq/meter), gerbera cultivation with the playhouse constriction cost is nearly 22- 24 lakhs. The government also gives you subsidies of 30% to 80% which depends on which state you belong to. Generally, Gerbera farming time required for the breakeven point is a maximum of 3- 4 years. The Gerbera plant is a perennial plant which means gerbera lives over two years, expert gerbera grower takes production for more than seven consecutive years from the same gerbera plantation.
Is Gerbera propagated in the planters or ground and Why?
If you want to do this at your home then you can use soilless medium or the mixed soil, pine bark, and also perlite medium. A Fine grade recommended for the small seedlings or cuttings. You will need a seed tray, soil medium for cuttings, and a way to spark water but not over water. My best in the home system was to use drip tubing with no holes and it has to be attached by 1/4 inch tubing and misting heads. It was complicated build if you’re not doing it with a good planning, plumbing, and irrigation but it worked well. Your issue can be that it might not have space needed to maintain it and draining or doing recycling the water. The constant flow of the water tends to wash all the soil away present there. That’s why we don’t stick seed trays in the manmade creeks. This also allows the soil to make the water absorb.
How do I grow gerbera from the seeds?
Seeds are all set if they are cross-pollinated. Sowing of the Gerbera seed may be done in almost any season. Seeds are germinated at a temperature of 15 to 20 degrees C within two weeks, otherwise, it will take up to 30 days maximum. Plants from the seeds will bloom in second year and also produce good flowers from third year onwards.
How do I find Gerbera buyers?
Track down the target group who I assume to be nearest florists, nearest because long distance transportation can spoil up the flowers, the wedding planner’s etc. via online platforms like Google, Justdial, word of mouth etc.
Since you are cultivating only Gebara, a direct end user market penetration can be challenging, with a lack of branding due to less volumes of the sales. However, it’s very harmless attempt for the community presence, word of mouth marketing, social media marketing etc. As your target market is very small, I advise that you can also cater directly to end users also rather than just going B2B.
How Do I Grow Gerbera Flowers?
Preparation of planting bed
However, Gerberas are well known to be grown on raised beds to assist in easier movement and have better drainage. The dimensions of the bed should be as follows:
- Bed height: 1.5 feet (45 cm)
- Bed width: 2 feet (60 cm)
- 3m between beds distance: 1 foot (30 cm)
The beds for the planting should be highly porous, also well-drained, and airy. Gravel/sand also can be added at the bottom for better drainage. Organic manure is recommended for improving the texture of soil and to offer nutrition gradually. Organic manure and soil should have to be mixed thoroughly for the optimum outcome. The soil should not be compacted after watering and the upper layer of soil and FYM should not be mixed properly.
While bed preparation, adds the Single Super Phosphate (0:16:0) @ 2.5 kg per 100 sqft for a better root establishment and the Magnesium Sulphate @ 0.5 kg per 100 sqft to take care of deficiency of Mg. Neem cake (@ 1 kg / m) was added for the prevention of nematode infestation.
Soil sterilization is basically carried out for the purpose of Phytophthora infestation. There are mostly three main soil sterilization methods which are available.
- Steam: Not practical as per the Indian conditions.
- Solar: in this method a sheet of plastic is covered on soil for around 6-8 weeks. The sunrise will heat up the soil, and this will kill the most fungi.
- Chemical process: It is considered as the most advanced and useful method. The Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has silver which is used for the sterilization of soil. Use of formalin @ 7.5 – 10 lit/100sqm can also be done.
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) with silver
Process: wet beds with irrigation water. Then mix water with hydrogen peroxide at a rate of 35 ml per/lite. Apply solution evenly on all soil beds. Use one liter of the mixed solution ( Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) with the silver + water) in a one-meter region. After that in 4 to 6 hours, the crop can be planted on it.
Benefits of Hydrogen Peroxide with Silver:
- Economical, reduce its input cost
- It is very much easy and safe to use this method which does not affect any dangerous effect on human health.
- The plantation can be carried out after 4 to 6 hours of fumigation.
- Eco-friendly and it does not produce any phytotoxic effects on the plants.
- Almost fungi, bacteria, and the viral presence in the soil can destroy the eggs of larvae and insects.
Gerbera is a propagated seed, by cuttings of side shoots and suckers.
Seeds: Sowing seeds may be done in any season. Seeds germinate at a temperature of 15 to 20oC within a time period of just two weeks; otherwise and it takes up to 30 days. Plants from seeds will be blooming in the second year and then produce good flowers from the third year onwards.
Vegetative: Side shoots, with a few amount of heel, are utilized. Divisions/ suckers and cuttings have been also used.
Micropropagation: The plant parts that are being widely used as micropropagation are Shoot tips, Capitulum, Leaf mid-rib, Flower heads, Inflorescence, as well as Buds. Murashige and Skoog (MS) media with the modification is successfully used for the culture media.
Varieties of Gerbera Which I Must Cultivate
The two new varieties have the potential to revolutionize the cultivation of gerberas, which are grown on about 2,000 hectares in greenhouses. Also, the two varieties can help out in cutting down royalty which has been being paid by Indian growers to breeders based in Europe.
The two varieties which have recently launched, can be grown in regions with maximum temperatures which are up to 40-degree celsius, have been developed over eight years after screening germplasm from various locations all around the country, said C Ashwath, Principal Scientist and Head of IIHR’s Floriculture and Medicinal Plants division.
The major cultivars of Gerbera are as follows:
- Pre Intenzz, Stanza
- Winter Queen
- Ingrid, Sunway, Pricilla, Alexias, Intense, rosaline, dune, Zingaro, Balance, and Monique.
You need to plan which varieties of gerbera you want to cultivate on your farm and then arrange the seeds for the same. You can cultivate few or all among these varieties.
The plant must be three months old and at the time of planting tissue culture, the plant should have at least 4 to 5 leaves growing through it. Gerberas are planted on raised beds in two rows formations. The zigzag system of plantation is mostly preferred in it. While planting 65% of the root ball should be kept below ground and the rest of its portion i.e. 35% should be kept above the ground for better air circulation in the root zones. An Ideal planting density and spacing should be 8-10 plants/sqm or 30 X 30 cm or 40 x 25 cm.
Irrigate and fertilize frequently in small quantities for the optimum outcome. Always analyze soil once in the time period of 2 – 3 months to decide a specific nutrient schedule. An amount of 25 – 75 t/ha of well-decomposed organic manure is required. For the first three months after the plantation, application of 20:20:20:N:P: K @ 1.5 g/l of water every two days during the vegetative stage helps in encouraging better foliage.
Once the flowering commences, N:P: K 15:8:35 at the rate of 1.5 g/l water/day has to be provided. All the required micronutrients should be provided weekly or fortnightly as per the deficiency symptoms. Boron deficiency results in turning of young leaves to black-color. Zinc deficiency symptoms also can be identified with C-shaped leaf structures which are caused by chlorosis on one half of the leaf blade which ceases to be expanded, while the other half of the leaf is seen as normal.
Cultural Practices While Cultivating Gerbera
Weeding and raking of soil
Weeds take nutrients off plants and also they affect their production. Hence, they should be removed from the bed. Due to regular irrigation, the surface of the gerbera bed becomes very much hard hence raking of soil is done with the help of a raker. It further increases the aeration in the soil root zone of the plant. This operation should be done daily and also maybe twice a month.
Removal of the inferior quality flowers at the beginning after plantation is known as disbudding. Normal production of gerbera plants began just after 75 – 90 days from the date of its plantation.
Removal of old leaves
Sanitation helps out in keeping disease and pest infestation, at also economic threshold level. The old, dry, and infected leaves must be removed from the plant and from the production site.
Control Pests and diseases Attacking Gerbera
Important diseases such as Root rot (Pythium irregular, Rhizoctonia solani); Foot rot ( Phytophthora crypto gear); Sclerotium rot (Sclerotium rolfsii); Blight ( Botrytis cinerea); Powdery mildew ( Erysiphe cichoracearum, Oidium crysiphoides ); Leaf spots ( Phyllosticta gerberas, Alternaria spp must be prevented.
The flowers initially can be harvested after a time period of 75 – 90 days after planting. Flowers with different varieties (single types) are ready to be picked when 2 – 3 whorls of stamens have entirely been developed. A few types of varieties are picked a little riper, especially double types. A good flower has a stalk length of 45-55 cm and a diameter of 10 – 12cm.
Morning or evening is one of the best times for gerbera flower harvesting. Skilled labor is required for its harvesting. After the process of harvesting the flowers should be kept in a bucket containing clean water. Flowers are very delicate hence they should be carefully handled otherwise they can be highly damaged and their quality deteriorates. For harvesting gerbera, no secateurs are required and it can be done by naked hands.
How does one ensure that your flower business gets the maximum optimum sales and website traffic the whole year? Social media marketing is the only answer to it!
With millions of people using the internet, social media is a powerful channel for digital marketing. It helps you to create loyal customers for your site and base and keep up with the increasing competition.
The total number of times you upload depends on your social media handle and the content you are sharing. However, it is very essential to post around at least 1-3 times a week or as often as it is possible as long as you have good content to share with your audience. Consistent nurturing helps out to your social media marketing initiative to pay off.
For instance, you should post relevant industry information and articles to fill your social media calendar. Remember to use all of the above-mentioned scheduler apps for planning your content in advance!
Identify the audience
Your social media marketing campaign will be effective only when you will be specifically design the message for your target audience with the help of experts. Understanding the interest of your audience will be helping you to develop content that will be engaging and interesting to your targets. For an interesting and successful social media campaign, always find new ways to enhance audience engagement on your social media handles. You can also do this by responding to comments, tagging them in the posts, using different and unique hashtags, and also by adding links to your official website and the blogs you write.
Relevant content to post
Use the same colors, and photos, and also show the branding throughout all your social media profiles on the different platforms online you are using and your Google Business profile.
To measure goals and aims
In this type of marketing, you can set up a dashboard for measuring the performance against the set objectives. Then you can also track the key operations for determining your campaigns and their performance and identify areas that need adjustments.
Contents of Gerbera Farming Project Report PDF India
|5||Project At Glance|
|6||Projected Balance Sheet|
|7||Projected Profitability Statement|
|8||Cash Fund Flow Statement|
|9||Term Loan Repayment Schedule|
For whom is gerbera Project report format useful?
- CA Chartered Accountants
- Tax Consultants
- Small Business Owners
- Who wants to self-study
In addition to those who want to prepare project reports themselves. We can provide the entrepreneurs with customized project report that can specially be prepared for you all to have access to the required information.
Sample Project Report Format of gerbera farming
In our project report format, we cover technology details, its diagrams, flow charts etc. as and when required or deemed fit to include. Also, we can help you prepare in-depth financial calculations which are necessary for the Investor/bank.
You will get the report data from our Project Report in PDF. You can also modify the information according to your need. You will be able to access the data easily according to your requirement.
Gerbera is a very important commercial cut flower crop. Gerbera has a large range of colors, including yellow, orange, cream-white, pink, brick red, red color, terracotta, and several other intermediate colors. In addition, the fluctuation in market prices for gerbera has this time affected the prospects of the farmers growing it. There have been times when they were not able to supply even a portion of the growing high demand.
Gerbera which is an exotic flower plant is grown commercially in the states including Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh. Orissa and Karnataka. Kanthallur is also entering into this list, though on a small scale.
Setting up gerbera farm is a profitable venture that needs a well written business project report that includes every crucial fact about this business-like market feasibility, future of business, legalities, quality, production etc. This business can rise in a short time period, and it is a continuous business that can make you wealthy.
Frequently Asked Questions On Gerbera Cultivation Project Report
Where can i get gerbera farming sample project report for bank loan pdf?
Well, you can explore the best gerbera cultivation project report PPT on our website and take help by checking out all the important details for your new business from it. It will serve you as a guide using which you can write your own gerbera cultivation industry project report and submit it to the bank to avail loan for your new venture.
What is the right gerbera farming project report format for bank loan?
We have clearly stated the right format for gerbera farming start up in our project report. You can check out the gerbera project report for bank loan details by downloading it after making a nominal payment to us. We have covered every important aspect of this venture in our report.
Can I download gerbera farming project report pdf in the format of excel or word file?
You can easily download gerbera cultivation project report ppt from our website in PDF Format and use it for writing your project report. If you want to get it in word or excel file. It is very simple to later convert the pdf to word or excel using free file converting tools.
Can I download gerbera farming project report and use it for bank loan under pmegp mudra and other government scheme?
The main objective of gerbera farming project report pdf is to highlight all important aspects of this business for your new set up and to provide sample format for preparing project reports for other purposes. However, according to your need, we will prepare customized gerbera project report pdf for your set up so that you can get loan from the bank under any scheme.