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A pen is an apparatus utilised for composing, writing, or drawing anything on paper. The ink-filled inside the pen is pressed onto paper, and it dries exceptionally quickly. Reed pens are the most established known kind of pen. They are produced using reeds filling in the delta of the Nile, and the old Egyptians concocted them, designed dark ink, utilising ash and gum Arabic. Their pens had divided nibs to direct the progression of ink to the composing tip. This straightforward plan is as yet used in calligraphy today.
A pen is a composing instrument. Composing or drawing work is done by applying pen ink on paper. Administering pens permit exact change of line width and still track down a couple of specific uses; however, technical pens, such as the Rapido diagram, are more regularly utilised. Current sorts incorporate ballpoint, rollerball, wellspring, and felt or ceramic tip pens.
Do you want to set up a pen manufacturing unit? The project report of Pen Manufacturing contains essential information. The project report provides guidance for starting a factory of pen manufacturing.
Types of Pen in the Modern era
Table of Contents
Pens can be categorised by the kind of writing tip or point on the pen (it is the central part used for writing):
- Ballpoint pens dispense an oil-based ink 0.5 to 1.2 mm, by sliding a small, hard circular tip. The rounded end of a ballpoint pen is made of brass, steel, or tungsten carbide. The ink, which is compressed onto the paper, dries immediately after in contact with the paper. Ballpoint pens are very reliable and reasonable. They also come in both types, inexpensive and expensive. Nowadays, ball pens are the most in use in the world. The pen stands as the most common tool for everyday writing.
- A Rollerball pen works similar to a ballpoint pen. • A rollerball pen dispenses ink from the tip of a ball. The roller pens move more smoothly and efficiently on a writing paper, and they are less dense. Also, they are more easily absorbed by the paper. Initially, these roller pens were developed to combine a ballpoint pen with the fountain pen, which has a smooth “wet-ink” effect.
- A fountain pen delivers ink through a slit as it has no nib, and it uses water-based liquid ink to show through that nib to the writing surface. The fountain pen reservoir is of two types: refillable and disposable; the disposable type of reservoir is also known as an ink cartridge. Refillable reservoirs are refilled with two mechanisms like a piston to draw ink from a bottle through the hard-sphere, or an eyedropper may require a refill. A fountain pen is used with both types of inks, such as permanent or non-permanent.
- A Marker pen or felt-tip pen are designed with fibrous material and has a porous tip. A small and thin pen is useful for writing on paper. A medium-sized pen is useful for coloring and drawing.
- In the mechanism of a gel pen, a coloured material that is entirely insoluble in water called pigment is suspended in a water-based ink as the ink is thick and opaque. A gel pen can be used for many types of writing, decorations, interpretations or visual explanation of a text or illustration. Gel pens are primarily available in bright or neon colours in the market.
- Skin pens are unique kinds of pens, and they are designed to create images on the skin.
Use of this pen project report
A broad range of folks benefits from pen creating great project reports. This project report establishes a business plan for all business operations.
These Project Reports will help CAs, Tax Consultants, Students, and Small and Large Business Owners. You may learn more about the project by purchasing the project report. A project report for a Ball Pen Refill Manufacturing, Note Book Manufacturing and Chalk Manufacturing is also required.
Product Usage & Importance
These pens are handy and can be used to point something, gesture, text entries, and capture the mind’s thoughts freely in the digital ink form. The pen we use has a fragile, smooth tip that helps in precise pointing, writing and drawing in ink.
The use and importance of the product can be understood in the project report of Pen Manufacturing
A pen is a physical equipment used to write ink onto surfaces such as paper, cloth, or canvas to produce any picture or shape. It has a mechanism, and by gravity, ink flows through the tip of the writing equipment, so it is written or drawn onto the surface. The pen is an instrument that helps us to draw or write our free thoughts onto paper. Earlier, we used quills (a writing tool made from a moulted flight feather), ink brush, etc.
Pen Manufacturing Machine
Following machines are used for the Pen industry manufacturing process.
- Refill assembly machine: These refillable machines have a vast ability to fill all kinds of cartridges in a very accurate and effective manner.
- Extrusion machine with the help of plastic refill preparation, filling of ink into the pen, and the final assembly of pen parts complete in a short span.
The project report for pen production includes the list of machinery and equipment.
Pen market analysis & Potential
- The estimated growth as per project report and CAGR for 2021-2031 is forecasted to be around 4% globally. This sector, formerly the realm of a few chosen and elite individuals, has become the domain of everyone on the planet. Even in today’s advanced electronic time when the Internet, tablets and mobile phones dominate the market, these writing instruments have great importance.
- Pencils and pens are product instruments. Therefore, cost turns into a key differentiator. The price of the device is an essential trait that decides to buy decision. While selecting or picking up a pen, the most important thing by the customer is the shade of the pen and then the cost of that pen.
- In the third position, the brand name and the appearance of the pen take place individually. In any case, it is fundamental to have a solid brand presence at retail locations. Item understanding and accessibility are key factors that matter.
- Thus, brand and item advancements are fundamental factors that can fuel the deals of composing instruments. Additionally, with the pattern of writing tools being progressively utilised as special devices, the request is set to increment step-by-step throughout the next few years.
What are the major parts of the project report of Pen Manufacturing?
The project report of Pen Manufacturing consists of the following major parts.
|2||Types Of Pen In The Modern Era|
|5||Description Of Pen Manufacturing Machine|
|6||Pen Market Analysis & Potential|
|7||Pen Manufacturing Process|
|8||Machinery & Equipment’S Required|
|9||Land &Building Required|
|10||Labour & Staff Requirement|
|11||Raw Material Requirement|
|14||Cost Of Project|
|15||Means Of Finance|
|16||Computation Of Production Of Pen|
|17||Raw Material Cost|
|18||Computation Of Sale|
|19||Break Up Of Labour Charges|
|21||Projected Profitability Statement|
|22||Projected Balance Sheet|
|23||Cash Flow Statement|
|24||Computation Of Working Capital Requirement|
|26||Computation Of Depreciation|
|27||Calculation Of D.S.C.R.|
|28||Repayment Schedule Of Term Loan|
Leading Indian players in the ballpoint pen market
The leading market holders in the ballpoint pen market are Cello, Lexi, Reynolds, Luxor, Flair, etc. Out of these, Cello, Lexi and Reynolds have a significant portion of the market. The pen is an item. Thus, cost turns into a vital differentiator. Cost is an important property that impacts purchasing choice.
Verifiable Trends vs Future Market Outlook
In a period loaded up with advanced gadgets, it may appear as though composing instruments are a relic of days. Regardless, this isn’t very correct, since creating instruments will never be displaced by contemporary technology, given that there will always be a circumstance when a pen and paper is necessary or preferred over their computerised counterparts.
Besides, noticeable end clients are relied upon to prompt more popularity development across the globe throughout the next few years. A practical methodology and nonstop item upgrades push composing instrument deals excellently over the conjecture time frame.
What is the Growing Sales Potential in India?
India comprises customers having a place with different classes and classifications who react diversely to other incitements. The simplicity of accessibility of material, low assembling costs, and exceptionally efficient work in India are significant driving variables prompting the development of the area of the composing instrument. Furthermore, these elements likewise lead to expanded foundations of little and medium ventures in the country.
Expanding populace, expanding proficiency level, and further developing training principles are key financial components driving deals development of composing instruments in India. A growing number of instructive foundations is additionally expected to flood interest for comprising instruments the nation over.
Are Students Likely to Remain Prominent End Users?
Quickly developing instructive foundations across the globe and special exercises utilising composing instruments are the primary considerations projected to drive reception among end clients. Be that as it may, according to examination, the understudy class will probably hold a special worth offer as far as the end client.
Recording instruments among understudies are relied upon to enroll a development CAGR of more than 4% during the conjecture years. Expanding reception of extravagance composing tools among experts is relied upon to fuel the deals of these instruments across areas throughout the next few years.
Will Online Sales of Writing Instruments Register Substantial Growth
Looking at the project’s Market Research report, hypermarkets/grocery stores represent a substantial portion of the pie at 28.6%. Notwithstanding, with an upgraded computerised biological system, online deals are relied upon to enlist high development during the figure time frame. Quickly expanding web infiltration and developing several instalment frameworks will probably assume a considerable part in driving the deals of composing instruments through Internet-based channels.
Pen Manufacturing Process
- The pen is an essential library instrument made out of 3 fundamental parts Pen, Refill and Cap. It essentially uses plastic trim cycles to produce portions of pen followed by their get together.
- Injection Molding Machine makes the pen’s body, cap and back cover; they can be fabricated on the same machine with various passes on or different devices with particular individual kicks the bucket to deal with enormous creation volume.
- The natural substance is plastic polymer granules provided to Injection Molding Machine through Hooper and Feeder game plan alongside required added substances. These unrefined substances are blended in a blender generally coordinated inside the machine. These granules are changed over to their semi-strong state, infusing into the form utilising a screw or unclogged course of action.
- The shape is then chilled off, and part is launched out of form; these parts are then gathered and set in their separate receptacles. If top off assembling is additionally being performed, an Extruder and Centrifugal Ink Filling Machine is required.
- The natural substance for pen top off is polymer plastic, fed to the extruder via the Hooper and Feeder game plan. This semi-strong polymer is constrained by an extruder passing on using its unclogged or screw course of action. The tops off are then dived into the heads of the Centrifugal Ink Filling Machine, which fills these tops off with ink using divergent power.
- The tops off are then gathered and kept in their different canisters. This load of part’s containers is taken to get together region where the pen is collected and bundled, followed by filling in containers and sending something similar available to be purchased.
How do I get the project report?
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What is type of business model do you have? How do you manage to keep your product prices low?
Integrated production and high-visibility brand marketing are the cornerstones of our business approach. We do this using a two-tier distribution system that distributes our products to around 500,000 locations across the country.
Our business model for exporting would be slightly different. To develop a balanced portfolio across all price points, we enter markets with low-value, high-volume items and subsequently squeeze in higher-value, higher-margin products. The low-value, high-volume market has the lowest entry hurdles.
Today’s creates its products, produces its moulds, and is India’s most integrated plastic writing instrument company to keep prices down. Allows us to offer high-value items while also allowing us to develop and produce new designs continually.
Is it a profitable market? If your answer is yes, what are the reasons for that?
It is, without a doubt, a profitable market, and with the increase in population and the Union government’s literacy programme are the factors. Pens with a lower perceived value have a higher purchasing frequency and waste. Novelty (in items) also encourages purchase.
Global purchasers began visiting India in the last two years to explore alternatives to China’s writing tools. After China, India is the only country with a full-fledged writing tool business based solely on demand from its local market. Essentially, India’s writing instrument sector has an excellent foundation to grow as the world’s next writing instrument manufacturing centre, following China’s.
Ball pens and gel ink pens are popular writing tools made of plastic. Logistics and reach, backed up by a solid manufacturing infrastructure, are critical to profitable growth.