Cement Pipe Project Report

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Description

Project Report for Manufacturing of RCC Spun Pipes of Cement is available for download. The purpose of the RCC spun pipe of the cement project report is to make the prospective entrepreneur aware of the business information.

Introduction

Spun / Hume Pipes made of Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCC) is commonly used for water drainage, sewerage, culverts, and irrigation. RCC pipes are ideal for this application since they are leakproof, easily repairable, and non-reactive to sewer pollutants. Concrete pipes may easily last 100 years, making them a fit-and-forget solution. That is why they are favoured over other materials for such applications. Reinforced cement concrete spun pipes with a diameter of up to 1000 mm are only made in the Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector.

Spun pipe manufacture is a labour-intensive, time-consuming, and inefficient process in which quality is primarily dependent on operator expertise. However, because these units have been in operation for decades by previous generations, the process has acquired its meaning in terms of social bonding.

According to BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS, there are two types of RCC Spun Pipes: pressure and non-pressure. For instance, NP1, NP2, NP3, P1, P2, and P3 are used in various situations. RCC Pipes structures are made from cement, coarse and fine aggregate, sand, low-carbon steel, and HT Rods and bars. Since 1926, RCC Spun/Hume Pipes have been used all around the world. The RCC Hume Pipe was named after Sir Walter Hume, an Australian who invented it in 1910.RCC Hume Pipes (also known as Spun Pipes) are used for various applications, including sewerage, drainage, culverts, irrigation, water supply/transportation, and service lines.

In India, the first RCC spun pipe company, known as “BHARATH SPUN PIPES INDUSTRY,” was established in Bombay (Mumbai) in 1972. At present, in INDIA, there are 6450 industries in this business. In Karnataka state, 856 industries are related to this business.

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How to download project report for manufacturing of RCC spun pipe of cement?

Firstly, Add the project report of cement pipe to the basket. After that, check out and make an online payment. You can easily download the project report in PDF format immediately after payment.

Market Potential

RCC spun pipes are mostly used by public health engineering departments, public works departments, agriculture and forest departments, national highways, environment engineering departments, and panchayats municipal corporations. The majority of the customers are government-approved civil contractors who work for government departments and public-sector enterprises. Since the government focuses on rural irrigation and improving water supply techniques, the need for pipes is growing. Information about the market potential is included in the project report of RCC spun pipe of cement

Manufacturing Process

MIXTURE

Water and cement are used per weight according to mix design and regular aggregate inspection. For proper mixing, instructions are written on boards. The cocktail must be consumed within 30 minutes to maintain its proper strength. This is done by IS 456. In that order, the concrete mixture for the RCC spinning pipe is made up of 1:2:5:2:5 cement stone, metal, and sand.

Molding

Molds, as well as bushes and rings, are well oiled. After opening, all moulds are thoroughly cleaned with a Hand Grinder. For cage centering, proper supports are provided. (If the diameter is greater, two cages are constructed under IS: 458, with the upper cage always being 75 percent of the inner cage.) Tie rods and nut bolts are appropriately packed in these.

Manufacturing

The reinforced cage is first wound by hand on the cage winding machine. The cage is then inserted into the pipe mould, then hoisted up and horizontally installed on the turn unions.

After molding

With the help of Chain Pulleys, moulds are held properly on runners. Initially, when pouring the mixture, the machine’s RPM is set to a low level to ensure proper pouring, and subsequently, the RPM is increased to 1500, as required by IS: 458. When the spinning is done properly, it leaves extra water in the pipe, which gives it strength.

The cement concrete is rotated into the moulds, where it spreads evenly inside. It is rotated by a drive shaft with a variable speed arrangement, with the rotation slow at first and subsequently increasing. The pipe’s diameter and class determine the length of time it takes to complete this process. For 24 hours, the pipes are retained in the mould. Depending on the pipe class, the pipes are taken from the moulds the next day and submerged in water in the curing tank for 15–20 days.

The pipes’ specimens are put through three tests:

  • Hydrostatic pressure test
  • Three edge bearing test
  • Absorption test

Following that, the pipes are finished with rods and brushes.

  • Molds are detached using chain pulleys during the demolding process.
  • Moulds are demolished after 24 hours to ensure adequate pipe quality. 
Marking

All pipes are labelled and dated using a permanent marker after the manufacturing process. All of these marked numbers are recorded in front of tagged numbers by the supervisor, and then they are kept in the computer by date and marked number wise with the weight of cages.

Curing

Hydra and ceiling pipes are kept in curing tanks for appropriate curing after being demolded with Trolleys. Pipes are rotated regularly, and sprinklers are activated 24 hours a day. After 28 days of curing, the pipes are removed from the tanks and stored.

Project report is essential to understand the process of manufacturing RCC spun pipe of cement.

Quality Control and Standards

The following testing methods, as specified in SASO, ASTM C-479, and BS 5911, are used to ensure excellent quality of manufactured pipes: –

External Load Crushing Strength Test

This test is used to determine whether the pipe is strong enough to sustain the external crushing load specified in ASTM or BS requirements. The test shall be performed on one sample pipe chosen at random from a lot of the same nominal diameter, and the test findings must meet the requirements for the Lot’s acceptance. The process is outlined in ASTM C-76M under the heading “Three Edge Bearing Test.”

Hydrostatic Test

This test is used to check pipe leakage and ensure that the extent of any leaking, if any, is below acceptable limits. The test is performed on a sample pipe chosen randomly from a lot of the same nominal diameter, and the result must meet the Lot’s acceptance requirement. The sampling pipe is inserted into the testing machine and filled with water to exclude air. The water pressure is brought to the specified pressure for the stipulated period without sweating or leakage.

Applications

  • Reinforced concrete pipes mostly serve storm drainage and irrigation networks.
  • Sewerage and industrial wastewater are transported through lined, reinforced pipelines.
  • When open trench excavation is not possible due to traffic, continuous water flow, or when deep installations are necessary for transporting sewerage, stormwater, or laying utility services, reinforced concrete jacking pipes are employed.
  • When groundwater is aggressive to steel, non-reinforced concrete pipelines are employed.

Key Points Cover in Project Report  

Project Report Table of Contents

Sr. No.Particulars
1Purpose Of The Document
2Project At A Glance
3Introduction
4Market Potential
5Technical Aspects
6Process Of Manufacture
7Quality Control And Standards
8Production Capacity
9Pollution Control
10Energy Conservation
11Machinery And Equipments
12Projected Balance Sheet
13Projected Profitability Statement
14Cash Flow Statement
15Computation Of Working Capital Requirement
16Break Up Of Labour
17Break Up Of Salary
18Electricity
19Depreciation
20Repayment Schedule Of Term Loan
21Calculation Of D.S.C.R
22Break Even Point Analysis

Apart from this, all the information is being provided. To help in preparing project reports.

Conclusion

Sewer, road, highway, culvert, irrigation, and water supply all require RCC Hume pipes. Hume Pipes, also known as spun pipes, are classified into three classes, with the NP2 and NP3 classes often being produced on HUME pipe manufacturing machines. However, heavy-duty pipes NP4 are manufactured utilising a vertical manufacturing technique that is the most modern and computerised.

Hume pipe production in India is dependent on the construction business, which has been rising over the past two decades as India’s construction, infrastructure, and electricity sectors have grown dramatically.

FAQ’s

What factors are important in Concrete Pipe Manufacturing?

Certain factors that play a crucial role in pipe manufacturing is:

  • Strength at early stages
  • Surface texture and density
  • Permeability
  • Sulfate resistance
  • Consistency

The use of concrete with a very low water-cement ratio gives high strength of 40MPa.

In which different systems RCC Hume pipes are used?

RCC Hume Pipes are used for the following systems:

  • Concrete pipes in Culverts system
  • Cement pipes in Jacked or Tunnelled Systems
  • RCC pipes in Storm-water Detention Systems
  • Concrete pipes in Low-Pressure Pipelines system
  • Cement Concrete pipes in Sanitary Sewers system
  • Concrete Pipes in Storm Sewers system.
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For whom are these formats useful?
  1. CA Chartered Accountants
  2. Tax Consultants
  3. Small Business Owners
  4. Students
  5. Engineers
  6. Who want to self study

In addition to those who want to prepare project reports themselves.

In what format is the project report for manufacturing of RCC spun pipe of cement available?

The Project Report for Manufacturing of RCC Spun Pipes for Cement is available in PDF format.

 

 

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