Do you need a project report on Bio CNG? The Bio CNG Plant Project Report is available to download. Do you want to build a company that will experience rapid growth shortly? You might wish to explore building a Bio CNG plant if you are knowledgeable about compressed natural gas and have the financial resources.
Biogas is a combination of gases created by the anaerobic decomposition of organic matter in the absence of oxygen, chiefly methane and carbon dioxide. It uses agricultural waste, manure, municipal trash, plant material, sewage, green waste, and food waste to make biogas. Biogas is a renewable source of energy. In India, it’s also known as “Gobar Gas”.
Anaerobic digestion with methanogen or anaerobic organisms, which digest material inside a closed system, or fermentation of biodegradable materials are two methods for producing biogas. An anaerobic digester is a closed system, also known as a biodigester or a bioreactor.
Bio CNG Plant Project Report
Table of Contents
- 1 Bio CNG Plant Project Report
- 2 Three Unbelievable Facts About Bio CNG Project Report
- 3 What is Bio CNG Plant?
- 4 How to make bio CNG plant?
- 5 How to Start Bio CNG plant?
- 6 Bio CNG Plant Market in India
- 7 Purpose of Bio CNG Plant Project Report
- 8 Bio CNG Project Rules the World
- 9 Best Production Methodology of Bio-CNG
- 10 Bio-CNG Production from Biogas
- 11 Biogas Plants Project Types
- 12 Application of Biogas
- 13 Benefits of Bio-CNG
- 14 Drawbacks of Bio-CNG
- 15 Raw Material Required to start Bio-CNG Production
- 16 Contents of Bio CNG Plant Project Report
- 17 FAQ on BIO-CNG
The Bio CNG Plant project report is designed for an individual enthusiastic about investing in this business and willing to generate extra earnings with his investment in this business. The complete set up requires a detailed project report and business plan that can tell the entrepreneur in detail about the market research and a lot more. Our project report contains all the necessary details that you need to know before setting up your business. It will help you in assisting to write down the project report and applying for a bank loan.
Desulphurisation, upgradation, and compression process are used to make Bio-CNG from biogas in a simple and convenient procedure. Bio-CNG has a methane content of 92-98 per cent and only 2-8 per cent carbon dioxide, whereas biogas has a methane content of 55-65 per cent and 35-45 per cent carbon dioxide.
In India, the potential for compressed biogas production from diverse sources is projected to be at 62 million tonnes per year, which will reduce reliance on crude oil imports. Bio-CNG also has a lot of potential for improving municipal Solid Waste Management and addressing the problem of dirty urban air caused by farm stubble-burning and carbon emissions. Also produced by the Bio-CNG Process is enhanced organic manure, which may be utilised as fertiliser. Bio-CNG is used in blast furnaces because of its high calorific value.
Three Unbelievable Facts About Bio CNG Project Report
- This project report aids you in finding a lucrative project for investing in or diversifying into by highlighting crucial aspects such as product advantages, demand for the product, and reasons for investing in the development.
- This project report illustrates the viability of the project by exposing specifics such as the raw materials required, the manufacturing process, set-up, and machinery.
- The project report includes forecasts of critical metrics, which aid in projecting industry performance and making educated business decisions.
What is Bio CNG Plant?
Bio CNG is a natural gas that is produced through anaerobic decomposition of biomass. It can be prepared through agricultural waste, domestic waste, agro food industries animal droppings, etc. Bio CNG is a purified form of natural gas. It is prepared in Bio CNG plant in India. It’s constituents are carbon di oxide, methane, oxygen, water vapour, hydrocarbons, ammonia etc. It is a combustible gas used as fuel that releases energy and heat. Various constituents like hydrogen sulphide, water vapour, carbon dioxide, etc make biogas unsuitable to be used as fuel. Biogas helps to remove carbon dioxide, water vapour and hydrogen sulphide. It is further compressed as compressed natural gas.
How to make bio CNG plant?
You can make a bio CNG plant by investing around Rs 20 lakh in this business. Apart from money you need to write a detailed project report on Bio CNG plant so that you know all the details about this business and you can deposit it with the bank to avail bank loan. Once you have investment arrangement then only you can start Bio CNG plant in India.
How to Start Bio CNG plant?
You can start bio CNG plant in India by downloading he project report of this business niche and doing the deep market research and analysis so that you have all important details of this business. This will help you avoid mistakes in the future and you will make it a successful venture.
Bio CNG Plant Market in India
Renewable fuel like Bio-CNG reduces our reliance on imports, but they also provide a solution to the growing quantity of organic waste and pollution caused by agricultural burning. The Mahindra World City Bio CNG Project facility processes eight tonnes of food and kitchen waste per day, producing 1000 cubic metres of raw biogas. Officials with the corporation stated the four units would divert 350 metric tonnes of garbage from landfills. It’s no surprise that the Bio-CNG Project business is drawing a slew of new investors, including existing Biogas plants eager to upgrade to Bio CNG.
Natural gas accounts for roughly 23% of India’s primary energy mix, around 45 million tonnes of annual consumption. The primary consuming sectors are power, fertiliser, and city gas distribution. Only 96 districts in the country’s northern and western regions have gas distribution network pipes. Bio-CNG would need to be cost-competitive with LNG, commercial LPG, and fuel oil to gain widespread use.
According to SATAT, the introductory price of Bio-CNG (ex-factory) is expected to be Rs. 46/kg, with a retail price of Rs. 52–55 per kg ($14–$15 per MBTU). The landed cost of fuel oil, and LPG would be $12.1% and $16.9%, respectively, compared to Bio-expected CNG’s prices of $14-15 per MMBTU. As a result, any significant drop in crude prices from current levels may put downward pressure on Bio-CNG prices.
The main point to consider is whether a Bio-CNG facility for Rs. 46/kg will be viable. Feedstock, power, personnel, and capital expenditures are all significant components of Bio-CNG costs, with feedstock contributing to up to 40% of the total. As a result, the cost of feedstock (including transportation) and its biogas yield are essential factors in determining the viability of a Bio-CNG unit. While OMC’s demand for Bio CNG is guaranteed, it’s critical to create a diverse range of clients, such as industries and hotels, who can provide better price and payment conditions. It would also be necessary to analyse the possibility of selling organic fertiliser. If you are thinking of setting up a plant then read the detailed article on the subsidy available for Bio CNG Plant.
Purpose of Bio CNG Plant Project Report
The objective of the project report of Bio CNG Plant is to help the investor in decision making. The words make the new entrepreneur aware of the various aspects of the Bio CNG business. It works in the format of a sample report to prepare project reports for other purposes.
Bio CNG Project Rules the World
In India, the potential for compressed natural gas generation from diverse sources is projected to be over 62 million tonnes per year, which will reduce reliance on crude oil imports. Bio-CNG has a calorific value of 52,000 kilojoules (kJ) per kilogramme, 167 per cent more than bioGas. All undesirable gases are eliminated, leaving just pure methane gas.
According to MNRE statistics, India has 17 bio-CNG plants, with Maharashtra having the most with five and Tamil Nadu having one. India is the world’s third-largest energy user, with fossil fuels accounting for more than 90% of total energy consumption. Biogas plant prospects are improving slowly but steadily, thanks to government regulations that have enabled the use of Bio-CNG in commercial cars. The government of India (GOI) launched a strategy on Sustainable Alternatives to Affordable Transportation (SATAT) in September 2018, proposing to build 5,000 additional Bio-CNG plants and create 15 million tonnes of Bio-CNG by 2025.
Best Production Methodology of Bio-CNG
To understand the complete process of Bio-CNG manufacturing, you must study and download our project report in PDF format by paying a nominal fee. This small investment is beneficial for you.
The production of Bio-CNG is a two-step process, with the first stage including the manufacture of biogas and the second stage involving the conversion of Biogas to Bio-CNG. The details of the situation are as follows:
Biogas is first manufactured for Bio-CNG manufacturing. You can read our detailed article on Bio Gas Project Report to understand the Bio Gas Manufacturing Process.
- Agro-industry and municipal entities provide the various food wastes, while dairy farms and farmer organisations provide the cow dung. These raw materials are kept in storage facilities with bins and a suitable enclosing structure.
- The food waste is sent to a crusher, which essentially crushes the various size of food waste into a scope and form suitable for use in slurry production. This crushed food waste is mixed with water in the slurry tank with cow manure.
- The slurry tank contains its agitator, which creates a consistent slurry. The slurry is then poured into a biogas plant’s digester, which effectively decomposes the organic waste, mainly producing methane and other gases, collectively known as biogas.
- The gas collects in a dome or floating cover, from which it is regularly evacuated via a flow control valve.
- The digester’s used slurry or sludge is piped into a sludge tank, where it can be utilised as manure.
- The biogas is collected in a large gas receiver, which acts as a temporary holding tank after being sucked in by a compressor. This gas is then pumped into large pressure vessels, from which it is delivered to the Bio-CNG Processing Plant.
Bio-CNG Production from Biogas
- Biogas is collected from a production plant storage vessel and then delivered to a dehumidifier, eliminating water vapours from the gas. A refrigeration plant generates the desired cooling effect.
- The dehumidified biogas is then fed to a repeater, which raises the temperature of the biogas slightly to allow for hydrogen sulphide absorption, after which the biogas is reheated and fed to a hydrogen sulphide scrubber. At the same time, nitrogen scrubbers are also installed in larger plants to purify the biogas further.
- This partially filtered biogas is then delivered to a compressor, which compresses it to the required pressure for the membrane purification system. This compressed biogas is collected in its receiver, serving as a membrane holding tank.
- The most widely used membrane purification system is a three-stage membrane purification system in which the first stage separates gas into carbon dioxide-rich gas and methane-rich gas. The carbon dioxide-rich gas is supplied to the second stage, which extracts as much methane from the carbon dioxide-rich gas and returns it to methane-rich gas.
- The methane-rich gas is then sent through the third stage of the membrane purification system, which effectively removes as much carbon dioxide as possible from the methane-rich gas, resulting in Bio-NG, which is then fed into the THT Gas injector system.
- Carbon dioxide from the Three Stage Membrane Purification System, on the other hand, is routed to a compressor, which compresses the gas and collects it in a receiver, from which it is delivered to a storage pressure vessel.
- Appropriate gas pressure regulators and connectors are used to fill this stored carbon dioxide into gas cylinders, which are then sold as a by-product. The Bio-CNG fed to the THT Gas Injector is injected with THT (Tetrahydrothiophene) Gas, and the two gases are properly mixed as a result of the injection of THT Gas into the Bio-NG stream.
- THT gas is an odorant used in LPG and CNG to identify leaks by scent. The Bio-NG is then sent to a High-Pressure Compressor, which compresses the BioNG to produce Bio-CNG, which is then collected in a compressor receiving tank before being delivered to a high-pressure storage vessel.
Appropriate gas pressure regulators, hoses, connectors, control valves, and other equipment are used to fill this stored Bio-CNG into large gas cylinders and then sold in the market. In many plants, directly loading the stored Bio-CNG into a pressure vessel mounted on the truck transports it to gas stations.
Biogas Plants Project Types
There are three types of bare biogas plants project that may find worldwide. The United States of America, the United Kingdom, Germany, the Indian Subcontinent, and China are the countries that produce the most biogas. The following biogas facilities are currently operational:
- Floating Gas Holder Type Biogas Plant
- Fixed Dome Type Biogas Plant
- Fixed Dome type With Expansion Chamber Biogas Plant
Application of Biogas
- IC Engine Power Generators
Benefits of Bio-CNG
To understand the profit and loss of the Bio-CNG manufacturing business by paying a nominal cost, download the project report in PDF format and study it. These investments are profitable.
Bio-CNG has the following advantages or benefits:
- It has a high calorific value.
- It is a non-polluting fuel and helps in air pollution reduction.
- It doesn’t leave any residue behind.
- No smoke is produced from it.
- It does not pollute the environment.
- It is highly cost-effective.
- It alleviates the strain on trees and fossil fuels.
- It may be delivered to homes via pipelines, as depicted.
- It has a favourable ignition temperature and is thus simple to light.
- It is less expensive than traditional fuels.
- In terms of composition and qualities, it is comparable to natural gas.
- More bio-CNG will be produced when more bio-mass becomes available.
- It has the potential to reduce the amount of solid waste discharged in landfills.
Drawbacks of Bio-CNG
Bio-CNG has the following downsides or disadvantages:
- Using bio-CNG without appropriate purification might cause metal parts in automobiles to corrode.
- It may use software and data analysis techniques to track the purity of bio-CNG reserves and price increases.
- Economic, environmental, and technological issues influence the global adoption of bio-CNG.
- Installation of bio-CNG facilities has a significant capital cost.
- Feed material sources aren’t always reliable.
- Because high pressure is necessary for specific components, refuelling stations are more sophisticated than typical.
- Additional fuel cylinders may be required to expand the range due to the low driving range.
- Competent personnel is scarce for the production process in this area.
- In many countries, suitable norms and rules for installation and operation/maintenance are lacking.
Raw Material Required to start Bio-CNG Production
As per Project Report Raw Material Requirement in Bio-CNG Production is as follows.
- Crop waste
- Animal waste
- Municipal waste
- Agro-Industry Waste
- Forestry Waste
- Membranes of Multi-Stage Membrane Purification System
Contents of Bio CNG Plant Project Report
The Project Report of Bio CNG Plant covers the following topics.
|2||Composition of Biogas & CNG|
|3||Physical Properties of Bio-CNG|
|4||Types of Biogas Plant|
|5||Application of Biogas|
|10||Raw Material Requirement|
|13||Bio-CNG Production from Biogas|
|14||Yield of Product/Production Ratio|
|15||Indian Standards for The Product|
|17||Land /Civil Work|
|18||Plant & Machinery Detail with Images|
|19||Other Machine & Equipment’s|
|23||License and Approvals|
|26||Cost of Project|
|27||Means of Finance|
|28||Projected Balance Sheet|
|29||Projected Profitability Statement|
|30||Cash Flow Statement|
|31||Calculation of D.S.C.R.|
|32||Computation of Production of Bio CNG|
|33||Computation of Sale|
|34||Break Up of Labour Charges|
|35||Break Up of Staff Salary Charges|
|37||Computation of Working Capital Requirement|
|38||Computation of Depreciation|
|39||Repayment Schedule of Term Loan|
|40||Break Even Point Analysis|
FAQ on BIO-CNG
Is AgroGas (Bio CNG) safe for the environment?
Carbon neutrality, also known as zero carbon footprint, is achieved by balancing a measurable quantity of carbon emitted with the sequestered equivalent amount. CO2 generated during the production process of AgroGas is utilised to gro CNG additional biomass, which is then used to make AgroGas. Unlike fossil fuels, which release years of stored CO2 in high concentrations in the atmosphere relatively quickly, AgroGas balances CO2 sequestration and release in around a year. Because of the efficiency of the process, AgroGas may be classified as environmentally friendly.
What are the average plant sizes for AgroGas (Bio CNG)?
Bio CNG production at 5 tonnes per day is usually the bare minimum required for commercial sustainability. Depending on the availability of land, agro residue, and capital expenditure, can devise a plant with a higher capacity.
Does establishing an AgroGas (Bio CNG) facility necessitate any licences or authorisation from the federal, state, or other government agencies?
Yes, the following bodies licenses and permits are necessary to set up and run an Agro Gas plant: 1) Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organization (PESO). 2) Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) Social Science.
Why has AgroGas dubbed the fuel of the Future?
Biomass derived compressed methane is known as AgroGas. All biomass is organic and there is enough of it. Unlike fossil fuels, which take years to create natural and will be depleted shortly AgroGas can be produced indefinitely from an unlimited supply. We will have no choice but to transition to such a stable fuel source. As a result, we call our product AgroGas the future fuel.
What are the Global Reasons for Growth of Bio CNG Plant?
i) It is a clean fuel that aids in the reduction of air pollution. ii) It does not leave any residue behind. iii) There is no smoke produced by it. iv) It does not pollute the environment. v) It is highly cost-effective. vi) It alleviates the strain on trees and fossil fuels. vii) It may be delivered to homes via pipelines, as depicted. viii) It has a favourable ignition temperature and is thus simple to light. ix) It is less expensive than traditional fuels. x) In terms of composition and qualities, it is comparable to natural gas. xi) More bio-CNG is produced when more bio-mass becomes available. xii) It has the potential to reduce the amount of solid waste discharged in landfills.
Is the BioCNG Manufacturing Project Report available in PDF format?
Yes, our website provides a PDF version of the BioCNG Manufacturing Project Report.
Can we set up a bio CNG plant privately?
Land requirement for establishing a bio CNG plant?
A 5MTD AgroGas plant with dispensing station requires approximately 5 acres of land.
How can we sell bio CNG gas?
Selling AgroGas varies from location to location based on operational costs and accessible competitive fuel. However, it would be between 42.0 and 58.0 per kilogramme of AgroGas.
What is bio CNG?
Methane is found in natural gas (NG). CNG stands for compressed natural gas. Compressed methane produced from biomass is known as Bio CNG. Biomass is entirely organic. Methane, carbon dioxide, and other gases are released when bacteria consortia digest biomass. The resulting gas is called Bio CNG when we isolate this methane from the other gases and compress it. Its worth noting that this is derived rather than extracted methane. AgroGas is the name of Primoves Bio CNG brand.
What is AgroGas?
AgroGas is a brand name for Primove Technologies Bio CNG, a second-generation biofuel technology. Agro is the process input, while gas is the process output. AgroGas makes Bio CNG mostly from agricultural residues such as rice straw, wheat straw, maise straw, soya thrash, cotton straw, bagasse, and even bamboo. As required, the ultimate product is Bio Methane Bio CNG.
Is AgroGas (Bio CNG) harmful to the environment?
Yes. A Carbon Neutral Process has been implemented for AgroGas. Carbon neutrality, also known as zero carbon footprint, is achieved by balancing a measurable amount of carbon released with an equal amount sequestered. CO2 is used to create more biomass, which is then used to make AgroGas. Unlike fossil fuels, which release years of stored CO2 at high concentrations in the atmosphere quickly, AgroGas balances CO2 sequestration and release in a year. AgroGas is considered environmentally benign due to its process efficiency.
Is it necessary to obtain any licences or authorisation from the federal, state, or other government bodies to build an AgroGas (Bio CNG) plant?
Yes, the following bodies licences and permits are required to set up and run an AgroGas plant: • Safety Organization for Petroleum and Explosives (PESO). • Social Science, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE).
Is a bank loan possible?
Yes, from cooperative and nationalised banks.
Is AgroGas (Bio CNG) naturally flammable and explosive?
In the case of AgroGas, the flammability range is limited. AgroGas will not burn if released into the atmosphere at concentrations below 5% or above 15%, making it a safer fuel. It will also disperse readily without harming the environment because lighter than air.
How is bio CNG produced?
Desulphurisation, upgradation, and compression are used to manufacture bio-CNG from biogas conveniently and straightforwardly. If the hydrogen sulphide content in biogas exceeds 1,500 ppm, it must be desulphurised first. The desulphurised biogas is next improved to resemble CNG composition, and the bio-CNG is compressed and packaged.