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Bengal gram is also called Chickpea or Gram in South Asia, is a major pulse crop in India and around 40% of total pulse production. This is a very popular ingredient in Indian kitchens and is widely used in Indian cooking and known by the name called Besan around the world. Also named Gram flour, chickpea flour, ground garbanzo beans, ground chana dal, but many people refer to it as besan powder or flour.
Besan flour is easily available in Indian stores or Kirana shops, basically is a fine ground powder. For this flour raw chickpeas or roasted chickpeas are ground to make fine powder to produce the yellow coloured besan powder.
There are so many states in India that produce chickpea like Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh to form besan and this is a very good small scale business to run and earn money.
In one report it is mention that around 7480000 metric ton chickpea produces in India and it is used on large scale at home as well as in the canteen, hotels, restaurants etc. It is believed that maximum besan produce from chickpea and it is available whole year in the market to use in so many different food products and you can found in Indian kitchen very easily. In India day by day population increases and therefore consumption of besan is also increasing day by day and because of this to establish a besan business is very fruitful and will grow very fast.
Major Requirements in this business
When you start a new business there are some important requirements which you need to fulfill are as follows:
Investment : This completely depends on which scale you want to start the business means large scale or just from your home then it cost less investment and also depends on land your own or you will take on rent. Also, the investment includes machinery costs because for the large scale you need big machines and space required to maintain stocks and investment for raw material, utilities, licenses etc.
- Land cost Rs 5-7 lakhs (but if land available then this cost exempt)Building cost around 2-3 lakhs or take on rent
- The machine cost 2-5 lakhs
- Raw materials cost around 2 lakhs
Table of Contents
The total investment costs 10-15 lakhs if your land is available.
- Land : For this type of business 1000-1500 square feet area is sufficient to establish complete plant and area must be the nearby market is more beneficial as it decreases traveling cost.
- Business plan : The basic requirement of every business. This plan includes things like location, its type and nature, working method, market strategy, products and services, sales and marketing, competitive analysis, estimated cost and estimated earnings etc. If all you can do this on your own it’s good otherwise take help from some experts to figure out all the things. When the business plan is prepared then you understand about estimated funds and you figured out whether funds you have or you want to take some loans from different schemes like Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) MUDRA, Pradhan Mantra Employment Generation Program (PMEGP) etc. or banks under different schemes.
- Machines : The following machinery is required when you start besan business.
(a) Sealing Machine
(b) Adsorption Machine
(c) Star Pulverizer
(d) Laboratory Machine
(f) Different types of utensils
(g) Besan Pack Printed pouches
(h) Peel Dispenser
(i) Machine to divide chickpea into two parts
Utilities (electricity, water etc)
- Raw material
- Vehicle for transport
- Licences (factory licence, FSSAI licence etc)
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This involves four steps, as explained.
Cleaning – remove impurities like pebbles, dirt, broken grains and other things from Gram to clean.
Conditioning – based on physical properties of gram dal remove other coloured gram halves and water content, if available, should be removed by sun-drying method to maintain minimum 12 to 14% moisture.
Milling – The gradual milling system adopt for milling and in this operation steps involved are breaking, scalping and purification reduction and dressing.
Finishing – Sometimes, finished flour (besan) is mixed to obtain standard and uniform desired properties, characteristics and colour. The process is very simple as compared to wheat, rice, maize milling units.
Nutritional benefits of besan
Besan is highly nutritious as it contains various nutrients like magnesium copper, folate, and manganese and other nutrients contain iron, zinc, phosphorus, calcium and potassium. In studies when compare gram flour with white flour which is used in the USA and Europe, it is found low in saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium. 100 gm of besan flour contains 10 gm dietary fiber and 22gm protein which is higher than normal wheat flour and it proves, it is much more nutritious. Besan is having 57 gm of carbohydrates per 100 gm but it is less than wheat flour.
Uses in Indian cuisine
This flour is used in many Indian cuisine items especially in sweets but it is slightly heavy on the stomach so avoid overeating otherwise your stomach will get upset. These are some different dishes with usage.
Most of the time used in pakoras also called bhajia in some places an evening snack with tea in India. Besan is mixed with only onion or potatoes or sometimes different vegetables add to form crispy snacks. These pakoras include aloo pakoras (potatoes), palak pakoras (spinach), paneer pakoras (cheese) and so on.
2 Besan ladoo
Besan ladoo is the most popular sweet in India and is always prepared at festivals, weddings, and other such occasions. This is a sweet dish in which besan is combined with sugar and roasted in ghee or clarified butter and molded into the shape of balls to make ladoo. Nobody will be able to stop at just one ladoo as this is so delicious.
3 Bikaneri Bhujia
This is also a popular namkeen or snack taken with the evening tea or coffee or sometimes used to sprinkle on poha and other dishes and the name “bikaneri bhujia” derives from the town of Bikaner located in the state of Rajasthan, here besan is combined with salt, red chilli powder, black pepper and made into a dough and then passed through a sieve and deep-fried in oil until it turns crisp and light yellow. Once you start on these, you will find it very difficult to stop.
Kadhi famous dish is eaten with rice or rotis is prepared using Gram flour. Kadhi is a thick gravy made of besan to which yogurt is added, pakoras are prepared using besan and added to the cooked gravy.
5 Other Delicacies made of Besan
Of course, the list does not end here as gram flour is used in so many items like Dhoklas, besan halwa, Chiila and boondi etc.
Besan for face, skin, and hair care
Gram flour or chickpea flour is a very popular ingredient used in the Indian subcontinent for different beauty purposes. It is believed that gram flour is very good for skincare, especially facial care, and also as a body scrub, or sometimes as part of a face pack. Besan is also good for hair and is supposed to be a good scalp cleanser and is supposed to add shine and volume to your listless and dull hair.
1 As a body pack and scrub
Besan mixes with turmeric powder or haldi and adds water or Gulab Jal to make a smooth mixture. Wet your body and apply this mixture to your whole body and leave for 10-15minutes and then slowly scrub with your hands and wash with lukewarm water. Do not use soap or gel. This pack gives you a fine glow.
2 As a facial pack
Besan is considered a good facial cleanser and cure for acne, blackheads, and spots and scars. A besan face pack reduces oiliness and tightens the pores and also removes a suntan from your face.Combine it with a little bit of haldi and a teaspoon of lemon juice, and apply evenly on your face and rest for about 20 minutes and then wash it off. Avoid wiping your face harshly with water. Use twice a week and you get clear, glowing, and acne-free skin.
3 As a hair pack
A besan hair pack use weekly and this gives shine and increase volume of your hair. Combine with a whole olive oil and make a smooth paste with water. Apply on your hair and rest for about 30-40 minutes. Wash it off with water and avoid washing with shampoo on the same day.
It is concluded that besan flour is a very useful ingredient in your cooking as well as part of your beauty regime. So, you surely enjoy the products made from besan or you add it to your body, face and hair packs, it surely works as a superb part and this business goes on success when starting.
What all licenses are required to start a besan flour manufacturing company in India?
Some specific licenses are required to start a food processing business in India. A Flour mill company comes under the category of food business, it requires to show various permits and registration needed to start:
- Firm/Company Registration of Firm
- Trade License from the local authorities
- GST registration for tax purposes
- Trade Mark Registration
- FSSAI licence
- MSME Udyam Registration with the Udyam Online Registration Portal
- State Pollution Control Board Certificate (if required)
- IEC code if you want to export your product
- AGMARK (if required)
- BIS certification
Sample Project Report Format
In our project report format, we cover technology details, its diagrams, flow chart etc.. as and when required or deemed fit to include. Also, prepare in-depth financial calculations which is necessary for the Investor/bank.
You will get the data Besan Gram Flour in MS excel worksheet or MS word. Which you can use easily. You can also modify the information according to your need. You will be able to access the data easily according to the your requirement. In addition, the data are well in MS Excel worksheet. Additionally you can easily convert the data to PDF format.
Key Points Cover in Detailed Sample Project Report on Besan Gram Flour
|2||Products And Its Application|
|3||Plant Capacity & Product Mix|
|4||Qualification For Promoter|
|6||Market Potential And Marketing Issues, If Any|
|7||Raw Material Requirements|
|11||Cost Of Project|
|12||Means Of Finance:|
|13||Computation of Working Capital|
|14||List Of Machinery Required|
|17||Statutory/ Government Approvals|
|18||Backward And Forward Integration|
|19||List Of Machine Suppliers|
|20||What is besan?|
|21||Nutritional benefits of besan|
|22||USES IN INDIAN CUISINE|
|23||Mfg. Detail Process|
|24||Economics of Besan Plant|
In addition to the above, other information which can help in preparing the project report.
For whom are these formats useful?
In addition to those who want to prepare project reports themselves.