Coir Brushes Manufacturing Project Report



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Coir Brushes Manufacturing Business Project Profile

Coir is a traditional agro-based industry that provides over seven lakhs, mainly women, of people. The coir industry continues to use old equipment and technologies for coir yarn spinning and coir products manufacture. The Coir Board has created many new machinery and techniques to process coir products through its research and development programs.

Coir fibre comes from a portion of the coconut palm seed-pod and, is 100 percent natural and originated from the coconut’s palm outer husk. Mature fibres contain less cellulose than cotton or flax, than lignin and woody products. This strengthens coircoir but makes it less flexible.

Each fibre cell is thick and hollow with thick cellulose walls. They are pale but toughened and yellowed when a layer of lignin is laid on their walls later. More lignin and less cellulose than fibre like linen and cotton are in fresh brown coir fibres. They consist of microscopic threads of less than 0.05 inches (1.3 mm), each of which has a diameter of 10 to 20 microns. Smoother, fine, but also weaker, is white fibre. The coir fibres, the only natural fabric resistant to salty water damage, are relatively waterproof.

In a river or water-filled pit for a maximum of 10 months, immature husks are hung, and microorganisms break down the tissues of plants around the fibres during this time to release them – a process is known as retting. The segment of the husk is next crushed by hand to separate the long, dried and cleansed fibres. Cleansed fibre is ready using a simple one-handed technique or a spinning wheel to make yarn.

Some most common varieties of brushes are Commode Brush, Bannister Brush, Floor Sweeping Brush, Table Cleaning Brush, Bottle Cleaning Brush, Scrubbing Brush, Foam Cleaning Brush, Boot Polishing Brush, Hair and Basin Cleaning Brush. 

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Major Producers worldwide and in India

The world’s total production of coir fibre is 250,000 tonnes. In various areas of the developing world, the coir fibre sector is very important. India provides 60% of the total global supply of white coir fibre, especially in the coastal area of Kerala. Sri Lanka generates 36% of global brown fibre output. In nations of origin, particularly India, more than 50 percent of coir fibre produced annually worldwide is consumed.

In coir production, India has been the world’s leading country. The industry has significant roots in rural India, most of which are female workers at various stages. In Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Orissa Kerala have a monopoly in manufacturing white fibre and brown fibre.

Process of Manufacture 

Coir fibre preparation for Brushes

A long-staple fibre, which is accessible in compact 2″ diameter bundles, is preferred. The fibres are unleashed, and the fibre is combined to remove the adhering pith and short fibres. The fibres are removed. Combining also makes the fibre parallel. The combination consists of drawing the fibres in a series of steel spikes (nails), usually 8 in numbers, each around 15 cm long, about 2.5 cm apart, vertically attached on a board or a hardwood table.

Manufacture of Coir Brushes

With the help of the band saw, the wooden logs are cut into sizes. The resulting wood portions are circularly sliced in small diameters. As applicable, the smaller wooden portions suited for the brush types are taken into the thickness lath for design or into the timber to be turned. The wood sections will be supplied to the jig sierra after planning or turning to cut them according to the design of the brush. Boiled with holes with the help of a sensitive boiler, these wood parts. Then these are taken for coir fibre tufting.

The combed coir fibres are cut to the appropriate length by using thistle and hammer or scissors depending on the pile height of the brush. Little sizes of cut fibres are then put together to make each tuft of fibres fill the brush holes. The cushion is created by winding the necessary GI wire (18, 20& 22), cutting in a hand-lever shearer into 2 cm in length, bending into “U” form and pressing the cut fibre bunches at the centre pliers.

The fibre tufts are then forced into the wooden material’s holes by hammering with a punch and hammer into the bending parts of the GI wire. The entire holes in the wood are filled with tufts of fibre. The top parts of the brush will then be shared with a top shearing machine or scissors by hand.

Uses or Applications

Different products like brushes, doormats, mattresses, and sacking use brown coircoir in manufacturing. Twine is also made from coircoir using little amount. Curled brown coir fibre pads are designed and cut to fill mattresses and be used in erosion control along banks and slopes of the river (machine technology that matches the fibres together). The rubber latex is utilised to bind the fibres (rubberized coircoir), a substantial share for brown coir padding in the European car sector. The coircoir is used as timber padding. The material is also utilised for packaging and insulation. White coircoir is used mostly in the production of clothing. Mats constructed of coir fibres with hand or machine cloth are made of the finer degrees of the bristle and white fibres. Coir is a replacement for milled peat moose, as it’s free of fungus spores and bacteria.

Key Points Cover in Sample Project Report on Coir Brushes Manufacturing 

Project Report Table of Contents

1Project At A Glance
3Process Of Manufacture
4Preparation Of Coir Fibre For Brushes
5Manufacture Of Coir Brushes
6Basis And Presumtions
7Technical Aspects
8Manpower Requiremen
9Plant & Machinery
10Projected Balance Sheet
11Projected Profitability Statement
12Manufacturing Of Coir Brush Unit
13Raw Material
16Closing Stock & Working Capital
17Computation Of Working Capital Requirement
18Break Up Of Labour
19Break Up Of Salary
20Computation Of Depreciation
21Repayment Schedule Of Term Loan
22Calculation Of D.S.C.R
23Break Even Point Analysis


Apart from this, all the information is being provided. To help in preparing project reports.

Sample Project Report Format

In our project report format, we cover technology details, its diagrams, flow chart etc. as and when required or deemed fit to include. Also, prepare in-depth financial calculations which is necessary for the Investor/bank.

You will get the  report data Coir Brushes Manufacturing in PDF or MS word. Which you can use easily. You can also modify the information according to your need. You will be able to access the data easily according to the your requirement. Additionally you can easily convert the data to PDF format.

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  1. CA Chartered Accountants
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  3. Small Business Owners
  4. Students
  5. Engineers
  6. Who want to self study

In addition to those who want to prepare project reports themselves.


What are the benefits of coircoir?

Following are the benefits:

  1. Mothproof and resistant to fungal growth.
  2. Good insulation against temperature and sound.
  3. It is not easily combustible.
  4. It is fireproof.
  5. Unaffected by moisture and dampness.
  6. Durable and tough.
  7. Even after continuous usage, it gets back to its shape.
  8. It is static-free also.
  9. Easily cleanable
Is coir’scoir’s business profitable?

The survey reveals that existing coir industries are running on profit. Out of total industry, 19.3 percent industry turnover is 5 lakhs, and turnover of 44.4 units is between Rs. 5 to 10 lakhs, and turnover of 17 percent units is above Rs. 50 lakhs.

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