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Papermaking as we know it now began in Europe in the early 19th century. The majority of paper is made with trees as the primary source of wood pulp. Papermaking has been a source of environmental concern in modern times due to its extensive use of trees, harsh chemicals, and enormous water consumption, all of which contribute to ecological imbalances, pollution, and contamination hazards.
Despite the use of some tools and equipment, it is still referred to as handmade paper worldwide. It is a biodegradable product made without the use of wood, is chemical-free, and is dried using the most environmentally friendly ways of energy.
Handmade paper was first created in India in the third century B.C. and is a traditional craft passed down the generations by craftsmen known as ‘Kagzis’. The name comes from the word kagaz, which means paper. It has now attained the status of a commercial venture and a strong business proposition, although it is practically extinct save in little pockets like Jaipur.
Table of Contents
- 1 How to Download Handmade Paper Project Report
- 2 Making Eco-Friendly Handmade Paper
- 3 Demand For Handmade Paper
- 4 Raw Material Used In The Production
- 5 Amenities Required
- 6 Equipment / Machines Used
- 7 Marketing Strategies
- 8 Concept And Scope
- 9 Machinery Used
- 10 Manufacturing Process
- 11 Key Points Cover in Sample Project Report
- 12 Q&A (Questions/Answers)
How to Download Handmade Paper Project Report
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Making Eco-Friendly Handmade Paper
Concerns about deforestation, combined with revived interest in paper quality, inspired additional research into the materials used by papermakers, particularly pulp and fibres. According to research, 1 tonne of paper requires 277 Eucalyptus trees or 462 bamboo plants. On the other hand, 100000 greeting cards printed on handmade paper can save 500 trees. According to KVIC’s experience, “handmade paper product is a magnificent treasure with a wealth of creative, innovative, and thought-provoking ideas,” and “the industry has an incredible future because of value addition and export-oriented prospects.”
Handmade paper has the advantage of being completely free of wood, making it the most environmentally friendly type of paper. Handmade paper is biodegradable, recyclable, of the highest quality and utility, and most importantly, inexpensive. When compared to regular papers, it possesses higher tensile, bursting, tearing, and double-fold strength.
Demand For Handmade Paper
India’s handmade paper sector has a lot of potential for meeting the growing demand for paper products while also being environmentally friendly. To establish a reverse chain reaction, people are pushing to maximise handmade and recycled paper usage. Without a doubt, the use of environmentally friendly paper ushers in a self-sufficient society.
Office stationery, writing pads, conference folders, computer printouts, drawing and documentation sheets, certificate and degree awards, fancy products and diaries, photo frames, paper bags, and various other decorative and display case products are all manufactured using handmade paper.
Countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines have already established themselves as “Handmade Paper Giants.”The export market for Indian handmade paper and its products has exploded, particularly in industrialised countries such as Europe, United States, Australia and Germany.
According to one estimate, approximately 20% of waste paper in India is recycled annually, which is relatively low compared to 73 percent in Germany, 69 percent in Sweden, 60 percent in Japan, 49 percent in the United States, and 45 percent in Italy. ITC started a paper collection campaign named “wealth out of waste, WOW.”Rajasthan, New Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, and other Indian states have significant handmade paper industries. Sanganer, in Rajasthan, near Jaipur, is the world’s largest centre for handmade paper. Several small and medium-sized handmade paper enterprises may also be found in Hyderabad.
Shri AMM Murugappa, Chennai’s Chettiar Research Centre, Jabalpur Chamber of Commerce & Industry for EDP, Jaipur’s Kalpana Handmade Paper Sanganer, Jaipur, and Vijayawada’s M.R. Exports (Pamarru Mandal) are all well-known training, research, and production institutes for handmade paper.
Raw Material Used In The Production
Handmade paper is manufactured from a variety of materials, including paddy and wheat straw, jute, rags, cotton rags, hosiery cuttings, cotton linter, tailor cuttings, fibres (Jute/hump), bagasse, cotton stalks, grasses, waste paper, and so on. They can be obtained in large quantities and regularly from a variety of sources. The planned unit establishes a long-term plan for obtaining bulk raw materials from diverse vendors.
- Building shed
- Drying shed
- Labour /workforce
Equipment / Machines Used
- Rag Chopper
- Pulp Tanks
- Calendar machine
- Hydraulic press
- Cylinder mould
- Vat power drives the machine
- Iron box etc
Handmade paper and its products are in high demand all around the world. The suppliers or makers of these things must create an extensive advertisement and make a wide range of products readily available, whether paper bags, greeting cards, display items, or anything else. As part of the marketing plan, heads of PSUs and private sector entities must be contacted.
All-State Institutes of Rural Development (SIRDs) will begin using environmentally friendly handcrafted products for their everyday stationery. They will replace all plastic and synthetic things such as bags with handmade paper products. These goods could be utilised as a model by our SIRDs to promote the Swatch Bharat campaign, environmental protection, and garbage recycling.
The manufacturing and sales unit may also look into exporting potential. Manufacturers are always innovating and inventing new products to capture business from a wide range of clients. With such an aggressive marketing campaign, sales would quickly climb to a profitable level.
According to current statistics, one tonne of mill-made paper costs our planet 270 trees or 400 bamboo plants. As a result, there is now a focus on the use of handmade papers.
Concept And Scope
These handmade papers can be transformed into various everyday products, such as purses, files, and folders. Handmade paper has a strong market these days since it is environmentally safe, devoid of harmful chemicals, and non-toxic. It’s also an activity that creates jobs. It’s one of the most popular industries because it requires less capital than other related sectors. At the same time, this handcrafted device has the potential to make a lot of money. To build a work shed, you’ll need about 4000 square feet of land, and anyone with roughly 6 people can run the unit.
The sales value of items varies depending upon the design, thickness, and other aspects of handmade papers. It’s one of the most ancient methods of producing paper. It was typically created by sifting pulp onto a screen and allowing each sheet of paper to dry individually. However, the technique was time demanding and was primarily utilised in Nepal, Japan, China, and Thailand to manufacture particularly beautiful paper. Handmade paper is now a delicate, one-of-a-kind item. Handmade papers are mostly used in conversion units for handmade papers.
Gift cards, wrapping paper, photo albums, wedding invitations, collages, and picture frames are all made from these papers. As a result, handmade paper manufacturing facilities are receiving a lot of attention. To recap, some of the characteristics of handmade paper are as follows:
- It has a beautiful and elegant writing surface.
Handmade is indestructible and has exceptional performance strength.
- It provides an unrivalled texture for artist or engineer designs.
- It comes in a variety of colours for decorative wraps.
When compared to mill-made paper, it has higher tensile bursting, tearing, and double-fold strength.
RAG CHOPPER. Auto Vat is a machine that is used to create paper sheets in the traditional Indian way. It’s used to cut the rag into little pieces that may be beaten in a beater machine. Beater Machine-The pulp from the pulper machine is transported to the beater machine to be turned into a fine pulp, which is necessary for producing the high-quality board. In a water tub, a determined amount of diluted pulp is spread uniformly over a wire mould, which is fastened in between two wooden deckles. The excess water in the pulp is mechanically drained through a manual procedure.
HYDRAULIC PRESS. Removes extra water from newly created sheets by pressing the post.
CALENDARING MACHINE. It’s a set of high-pressure rollers that are used to shape or smooth a sheet.
CUTTING MACHINE. It is a waste-cutting device. Weighing balance. To weigh or measure the weight of raw materials and other necessary goods.
A series of steps are involved in manufacturing handmade paper, which is briefly detailed here:
SORTING AND DUSTING
Foreign materials such as buttons, plastic, synthetic fibres, and other foreign materials are manually removed from the raw material to be used. The material is vigorously shaken to eliminate dust and grime.
The material is sorted and dusted before being chopped into equal-sized pieces.
Handmade paper sheets can be created in two ways. The raw material is beaten in a Hollander beater with water and non-toxic chemicals. This comprises a U-shaped trough with a drum on the outer side, which has iron blades on the outside side that cut the raw material into pulp. A washing drum is also present, which cleans the pulp and drains the polluted water. The consistency of the pulp is determined by the grade of the paper to be manufactured.
The raw material is beaten in a Hollander beater with water and non-toxic chemicals. This comprises a U-shaped trough with a drum on the outer side, which has iron blades on the outside side that cut the raw material into pulp. A washing drum is also present, which cleans the pulp and drains the polluted water. The consistency of the pulp is determined by the grade of the paper to be manufactured.
A predetermined amount of pulp is evenly poured into a mould, clamped between two wooden deckles (frames) and dipped into a water tank. After that, the mould is lifted using a lever mechanism that permits the excess water to drain away. This process is utilised for many types of paper, but particularly card paper.
The wet paper is transferred to the cloth, such as muslin or felt, and a stack of interleaved sheets is generated once the sheet has been formed.
To remove extra water from the sheets, a hydraulic press is utilised. The thickness of the paper is reduced as it is pressed, and the sheets become more compact. This procedure improves the paper’s physical characteristics and speeds up the drying process.
Even after pressing, the sheets retain around 50 percent to 65 percent of their original moisture. The sheets are dried by hanging them in the sun. Solar driers can shorten the drying time and reduce the amount of space needed. Coloured papers are dried in the shade to avoid the colour being bleached by the sun.
CLEANING AND SIZING
With a sharp instrument, small particles of dirt and other foreign substances are manually removed. To increase the quality of the paper and prevent feathering, the cleaned sheets are coated with a layer of starch. Sizing is the term for this procedure. This can be done by hand with a brush or by dipping the sheet into a sizing chemical vat.
The sheets are then sandwiched between metallic plates and fed through a calendaring machine with spring-loaded rollers. The paper becomes smoother and more glossy as a result of this process.
Using a cutting machine, the sheets are precisely cut to the necessary size.
Key Points Cover in Sample Project Report
Table of Contents
|1||Purpose Of The Document|
|3||Eco-Friendly Handmade Paper Making|
|4||Demand For Handmade Paper|
|5||Raw Materials Used In Handmade Paper Making|
|6||Service Requirements And Its Availability|
|7||Equipment / Machines|
|9||Concept And Scope|
|11||Technology And Manufacturing Process|
|12||Inspection And Quality Control|
|13||Schedule Of Implementation|
|15||Project At A Glance|
|16||Cash Flow Statement|
|17||Projected Balance Sheet|
|18||Projected Profitability Statement|
|19||Computation Of Manufacturing|
|20||Computation Of Raw Material|
|22||Computation Of Working Capital Requirement|
|23||Break Up Of Labour|
|24||Break Up Of Salary|
|26||Repayment Schedule Of Term Loan|
|27||Calculation Of D.S.C.R|
|28||Computation Of Sale|
|30||Break Even Point Analysis|
Apart from this, all the information is being provided. To help in preparing project reports.
Given the enormous potential of this handmade manufacturing activity and the conversion unit, our plan will assist in establishing several additional handmade paper units shortly. This is an endeavour to provide environmentally friendly paper to the market while also providing jobs for numerous families.
Is the paper manufacturing industry profitable?
India’s paper industry is growing in response to increased demand. It is currently expanding to fulfil the anticipated demand of 20 million tonnes by 2020. According to industry analysts, India’s paper sector is on the rise and is expected to reach 8.5 percent GDP in the future years.
Is it profitable to make your paper?
Handmade paper production requires less capital investment, which encourages local entrepreneurship and creates more local jobs; it is an environmentally friendly technology that uses fewer resources and emits less pollution than paper mill factories. It can produce certain specialised types of paper.
Who are the Top Handmade paper producers in India?
- Auroville Papers
- A.L. Paper House
- Haathi Chaap
- Bluecat Paper
- Athulya Handmade
- Elrhino Paper
- Surprise Someone
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