Ceramic Tiles Project Report



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These reports will help you prepare a project report as per your objectives. This report will also be helpful in studying the project and gathering information about the project.

Ceramic tile is the sort of flooring that may be used in any room in the building. The most popular places to find it are kitchens and toilets, foyers, mudrooms, and other high-speed locations. However, many homes, especially in warm climates, use tile in living rooms and bedrooms to get a great effect. To put it another way, you can’t go wrong with tile. If this long-lasting, luxurious flooring has some flaws, it’s because it can be rough and cold to walk on, and it’s a little difficult to mount for DIYers.


Ceramic tiles provide a smooth, solid surface that does not absorb or hold dirt, dust, pollen, or other allergies. If tiny objects fall on a ceramic tile, they stick out against the wall, making them easy to clean away with a mop or sponge. This helps keep the air clean and clear of pollutants that might cause asthma and allergies in asthma and allergy sufferers.

Thanks to advanced processing processes, ceramic manufacturers can now develop goods that can be printed or embossed in various ways. Solid tiles, we can use in different patterns and different designs. They can also be print to look like a variety of hardwoods and natural stones. However, the tiles can be triangles, rectangles, and planks by cutting and shaping them.

Ceramic tile flooring is ideal for any home style, but it is a must-have in any Mediterranean or Southwest-style house. Since ceramic is incredibly rough, it is simple to clean and preserve. Hard ceramics, unlike durable floors, cannot be softened with padding underlayment.

If the floor is well maintained, a good installation will last for hundreds of years. If a single tile fracture results from a significant effect, repairing it is a relatively easy operation. There are hundreds of different ceramic tile brands to choose from, but just a few suppliers. This is because particular manufacturers often sell several brands; they can establish exclusive brands for specific retail chains while still selling generic brands.

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Market Potential 

In the construction sector, for being the most durable, ceramic tiles have been considered one of the key components used for covering roofs, walls, and floors of all types of buildings. These tiles protect from abrasion and require very little maintenance. The most important material required to construct these ceramic tiles is clay, generally obtained from Rajasthan (India).

Wall tiles acquire 50% of the market share among all types of ceramic tiles, followed by floor tiles which constitute 23%, and the rest is vitrified tiles and industrial tiles. Based on the ceramic tiles’ value in India, the dimensions of the ceramic tiles market had been worth INR 250 Bn in 2017 and have predicted to travel INR 501.70 Bn by the end of 2023. In terms of volume, India had manufactured ceramic tiles ready to cover a neighborhood of 1080 Mn sq. mts. in 2017. Tax rates were revised from ~28% to ~18% in November 2017, which led to a decrease in the cost of finished ceramic tiles products. As the price decreased, the sale of the product increased, which led to the industry’s overall growth.

Market segments

In the Indian tile industry, ~40% is organized sector, and ~60% is unorganized, consisting of 16 major players. 70% market share is dominated by the residential sector for the ceramic tile industry, while the remaining of the order comes from the commercial and replacement sectors.


In India, between FY 2013 and FY 2017, the export of ceramic tiles has increased, and Saudi Arabia, followed by Mexico, were the 2 largest export destinations during the amount. India has majorly imported ceramic tiles from Italy, China, and Spain, both value and volume-wise.

Key growth drivers of the market

  • Increased spending on infrastructure by the govt. In India, including rapid urbanization is promoting the demand for residential and commercial buildings.
  • As the space requirement has increased in various sectors like healthcare, education, etc., it has increased the profit for the ceramic tiles manufacturers of India.
  • The replacement of tiles in residential and commercial construction also increased the demand.

Product Uses

Ceramics tiles have significant uses in almost all commercial and residential buildings as:

  • A cover roofs
  • A floors cover
  • A cover walls
  • As tabletops etc.

Raw Material Requirement

The raw materials used to form tile consist of clay minerals obtained from mining, silica sand, Talc.

Manufacturing Process

To form a rigid product like tile, ceramics are produced by applying heat over the processed clay and other raw material. To control purity, particle size, particle size distribution, and heterogeneity, ceramic products that use naturally occurring rocks and minerals as a starting material must go through special processing. These characteristics have a significant impact on the finished ceramic’s properties. Chemically prepared powders also are used as starting materials for a couple of ceramic products.

The chemical composition and particle size of powders made from these synthetic materials can be precisely controlled. The ceramic particles are then shaped into the desired shape. The addition of water and additives such as binders, followed by a shape-forming process, accomplishes this. Extrusion, slip casting, pressing, tape casting, and injection moulding are the most common ceramic forming methods. The most common processes for ceramic tile has given below.

Raw material procurement and storage

Once the raw material is procured and stored properly, several steps take place to obtain the finished product. These steps include batching, mixing and grinding, spray-drying, compacting, drying, glazing, and sintering. Many of these steps are accomplished using automated equipment.

Batch mixing

The amount and type of raw materials determine the body composition of many ceramic products, including tile. The tile body’s color is also determined by the raw materials, which may be red or white, counting on the quantity of iron-containing raw materials used. As a result, it’s critical to combine the right ingredients in the right proportions to achieve the desired results.

Batch calculations must include both the raw materials’ physical properties and chemical compositions. The raw materials must be mix together after the appropriate weight of each raw material has been determined. Once the ingredients have been weighed, they have been added together into a ribbon mixer to mix ingredients properly before grinding.

Grinding and slurry formation

This step grinds the ingredients, which results in a finer particle size that improves forming process.

It is sometimes necessary to feature water to a multiple-ingredient batch to enhance mixing and achieve fine grinding. Wet milling is the term for this procedure, commonly carried out in a Bead mill. A slurry or slip is the resultant water-filled mixture. Filter pressing (which removes 40-50 percent of the moisture) and dry milling remove the water from the slurry.

Spray drying

The excess water is usually removed via spray drying if wet milling has been used first. The slurry is then pumped to an atomizer, which consists of a rapidly rotating disc or nozzle. The slip has dried because it has been heated by a rising hot air column, resulting in small, free-flowing granules and a powder suitable for forming.

Dry grinding and granulation are also be used to create tile bodies. Granulation is a process in which a mixture of previously dry-ground material is combined with water to form granules, which are then grounded into a powder ready for forming.


Dry pressing forms most tiles. In this method, the free-flowing powder, which contains a binder or a coffee percentage of moisture, flows from a hopper into the forming die. Steel plungers compress the material in a steel cavity, which is then ejected by the bottom plunger with operating pressures of up to 2,500 tonnes. This involves compacting a plastic mass during a high-pressure cylinder and forcing the fabric to effuse the cylinder into short slugs. Then using a hydraulic or pneumatic punching press, these slugs then punched into one or more tiles.


After forming, ceramic tile usually is dried (at a high relative humidity), especially if a wet method is employed. Drying removes the water at a slow enough rate to prevent shrinkage cracks, taking several days. Continuous or tunnel driers, heated by gas or oil, infrared lamps, or microwave energy.


Similar methods were used for the tile body to prepare the glaze. A stream of glaze falls onto the tile because it passes on a conveyor underneath the bell/waterfall method. The glaze is then fed through a rotating disc that spreads the glaze onto the tile. The glaze is sometimes sprayed on. Screen printing on, under, or between wet glazed tiles then use for multiple glaze applications.

A stream of glaze falls onto the tile because it passes on a conveyor underneath the bell/waterfall method. The glaze is then fed through a rotating disc that spreads onto the tile in centrifugal disking. The glaze is sometimes simply sprayed on. Screen printing on, under, or between wet glazed tiles is used for multiple glaze applications.


The tile should be intensely heated after glazing to strengthen it and provides it with the specified porosity. For firing tile generally, kilns are used. With temperatures around 1,300 degrees Celsius, tunnel kiln firing can take two to three days. The tile is ready to be packaged and ship after it has been fired and tested.

Advantages and Disadvantages in Ceramic Tiles Business


Firstly, regular demand for ceramic tiles shows that a ready market for your tile products is available.

Secondly, low capital investment is required. Large expenses are used only to purchase tiles, fixtures and fittings, cash registers, manpower for your showroom, point-of-sale (POS) systems, storage units, and transportation equipment.


Firstly, more space is required for the showroom and warehouse. It is better if you have your land as the rent is high in today’s market.

Secondly, inventory is required to maintain, but sometimes customers do not like stocks, and you have to be sold at cost price or loss.

Thirdly, competition increases and some small businessmen are unable to compete in this world.

Key Points Cover in Project Report  

Project Report Table of Contents

1Purpose of The Document
3Market Potential / Outlook
4Industrial Scenario
5Product Description
6Product Uses
7Raw Material Requirement
8Manufacturing Process
9Raw Material Procurement And Storage
10Batch Mixing
11Grinding And Slurry Formation
12Spray Drying
17Yield Of Product
18Production Ratio
19Project Components
20Land /Civil Work
21Plant & Machinery – Images & Detail
22License & Approvals
23S.W.O.T Analysis
24Cost Of Project
25Means Of Finance
26Projected Balance Sheet
27Projected Profitability Statement
28Cash Flow Statement
29Calculation Of D.S.C.R
30Computation Of Production Of Ceramic Tiles
31Raw Material Cost
32Computation Of Sale
33Break Up Of Labour Charges
34Break Up Of Staff Salary Charges
35Utility Charges
36Computation Of Closing Stock
37Computation Of Working Capital Requirement

Apart from this, all the information is being provided. To help in preparing project reports.


How much profit is in the tile business?

There is a 7-10 % profit margin in the sample-based tiles business because it is a low-risk business. In a stock-based business, the profit margin is 12-18 % because you are selling directly to the end customer; therefore margin is high. On the other hand, you get a margin of 3% to 7% in the wholesale tile industry, but because you only deal with large orders in the wholesale sector, revenue will be high.

How to keep customers coming back?

With standard marketing strategies like social media and local ad campaigns used to attract customers, Check with different home and business insurance companies to find out what it takes to add them to the list of partners. This is an efficient strategy to maintain a steady business and to build a good community reputation.



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