Petha Making Unit Project Report



Petha Making Unit Project Report is full of information that you are eager to explore before starting a petha processing factory in your city. You can use this project report to get all the details that can work as a map in your path of starting a new business. A project report is a detailed document that holds all the information under your nose, and you can follow it in establishing your new startup without any stress. You can now have the opportunity to easily download our ready-to-use project report from our website. It will help you take every decision wisely and lead you to the path of success.

You can now save a lot of time and get it in a couple of minutes. If you write your project report it may consume a lot of time. our experts have made things easy for you. You can use our detailed petha manufacturing business project report to write your project report and if you don’t have time to write one, you can order a personalized project report for the petha making unit from us.

Petha is a sweet that is widely consumed in India. Petha cannot be cooked using a regular cooking fire but is cooked only on a coal fire. Petha has a geographical indication stating the place where it is manufactured. For example, Agra Petha. With time, as an entrepreneur, you can manufacture many varieties of petha in your unit. This will help you meet the growing demand for petha in the country and you can attract customers by changing the palate of patrons.

You can offer a wide range of petha for sale to attract the customers like angoori petha, saffron petha, paan petha, chocolate petha, etc. Coconut and dry fruit lovers can get their favorite petha with nuts and coconut in petha. Ash gourd helps to prepare this dessert called petha. It is the most famous item to eat in Agra. Ash gourd is of great importance in a religious ceremony.  It is found hanging in front of a newly constructed building or house. It is believed to keep evil spirits away. This ash gourd is ground to form a coarse paste and made papad. It stays fine for 3 months, and you need not store it in a special storage facility. Do you want to know whether petha can be manufactured by condensed milk or not?

Petha Making Unit Project Report and Market Outlook

Agra’s famous sweet petha is famous among sweet industries and tourist guides. The Petha Industry is flourishing these days. 50% of petha is sold among tourists. Petha is the lifeline of the entire economy of the country. It is a processed sweet dish. The sellers, makers, and distributors of petha are directly or indirectly connected to the processing of petha and the development of this industry.

Around 1500 cottage industries produce 500 to 700 tons of petha daily. Thus, it is produced in bulk to meet the rain=sing demand of tourists from abroad. This industry has entered into exporting petha as well. Thus, if you set up this unit, you can make good money by selling petha in the domestic market and international exports.

In today’s time where the business of other entrepreneurs is facing threats and double challenges in meeting tough competition. Their petha business is touching skyrocketing heights. The short span of attention from the customer is the only way to survive in today’s market. Today’s sweet makers who are famous for soft candies, and translucent petha, are trying hard to meet the running thrive.

As an entrepreneur, you can plan to innovate to design and add additional essence to this sweet and make out a new humble sweet in an innovative way. At present, you can produce 15 varieties of petha in India. Chocolate, angoori, paan, pineapple, orange, dry fruits, coconut, Kesar, and many more.

You can even manufacture a sandwich variety that is a two-layered petha having a filling of khoya, cardamom, and cashew. Along with manufacturing petha, you can start the business of manufacturing namkeen. You can get complete information about it from our website.

Manufacturing Process of Petha

Petha Fruit is directly obtained from the fields of farmers. Manual processes involved in the manufacturing of petha are washing, sorting, and peeling. Then it is cut into pieces and the seeds from the petha fruit are removed or separated using an SS knife. Further cutting is done in small pieces. Nail-like spikes are used to pierce them. Pierced pieces are immersed in the lime water for the next two hours. Then the pieces are taken out from lime water and immersed for boiling in water with alum.

Once they get boiled, the pieces of petha are immersed in boiling syrup of sugar for around an hour. Later they are dried in trays and packages for sale. They are transported to the market.

Value Added Product of Ash gourd

Ash Gourd, which is an under-exploited vegetable, is used in ayurvedic medicine preparation. It has a long storage life and good scope for added value. Petha is prepared from the value addition of ash gourd.

Product Benefit

  • Petha is a kind of nectar for curing mental illness and weak memory. A patient can consume 10 to 20 grams of fruit pulp and also consume petha juice.
  • If you are suffering from asthma, you must eat petha regularly as it benefits your lungs.
  • You can also apply petha pulp or leaves on the stomach if you feel some burning sensation in your body.
  • You can also make petha thandai from its seeds and drink it.
  • To instantly get rid of bleeding in the nose, you should drink petha juice or consume its pulp.
  • You can apply petha seeds oil on your head.
  • Petha removes intestinal issues as it has a filament. Thus, it is beneficial for pile patients as it can stop bleeding during piles.
  • People who suffer from swelling in the intestines, and do not get an appetite, can drink two cups of petha juice in the morning. You will notice an increase in your appetite and get rid of inflammation in the intestines.
  • The petha pulp and its seeds can help in urinary disorders. You must consume petha if you have some urinary problems.
  • Consuming petha also helps to increase semen.

Raw Materials

Basic raw materials to make petha sweet are the following.

  • Ash Gourd
  • Lime
  • Water
  • Alum
  • Citric Acid
  • Sugar

Processing Technology of Petha

Fruit selection and harvesting of Ash Gourd

The fruits are brought directly from the farmer’s fields and the ash gourd that is candied needs to be in a perfect state of maturity and free from any sort of fiber.

Peeling and Cutting, Seed Removal

The wax gourd which you have harvested is first washed and then cleaned. All the seeds are carefully removed. It is then peeled and cut into cube, sphere, or cylinder shapes. Shape and size can vary as per your choice.

Piercing and Forking

After the fruit is peeled and cut, ash pieces are pierced using a fork or metal to get proper porosity. This will enable sugar syrup to properly enter the petha.

Soaking in Lime Water

The petha after getting forked is immersed in lime water for around 3 hours. You can get 100 liters of water for 20 kg of lime. This helps to harden the petha and make it compact. The reason for using calcium in fruit slices is to make an intercellular bond and make it look rigid and more textured.

Washing in running water

After petha is dipped in lime water it is constantly washed in running clear water so that the calcium is washed properly from the bits of petha under the running water. The lime gets completely washed. To check if the lime has properly been eliminated you need to do the next step.

Dipping in Chilled Water

Petha is also dipped in chilled water after it is cleaned under running water to decrease the exothermic reaction and calcium ions are minimized. This process is done for at least an hour.

Hot Water Treatment

Now the pieces of fruit are dipped in hot water to reduce the taste of gourds. It is done for a minimum of 10 minutes.

Boiling with Alum

Petha bits are boiled for an hour in water containing alum. This process is famous as Josh Lena. To preserve the standard of petha it is important to do this step. It needs to be performed skillfully and carefully. This is also done to make the surface smooth and reduce the damage effects caused by excessive calcium ions in the tissues of the fruit during an exothermic reaction.

Prepare Sugar Syrup

70 to 80% of the sugar is dissolved and boiled at 1000 degrees Celcius. After boiling it for 10 to 15 minutes, 2 to 3 grams of citric acid per liter of water is also added.

Boiling with sugar syrup

Already treated fruit pieces are immersed in boiling sugar syrup having suitable consistency. The fruit parts and sugar syrup are boiled till sugar syrup maintains a very high consistency that is at least up to 80 to 90%. To make sure that mixing is consistently done, petha is cooked properly and stirred well. Once it is properly cooked it is covered with a net for staying untouched overnight so that the required amount of sugar enters the innermost pulp of petha.

Draining excess Sugar

Excess sugar that enters the fruit pulp is drained out. Then rose petals, essence, and flavor agents like saffron are added so that different flavors can be added to petha. It is further cooled and put in boxes and bins till it is packed for sale.

Cooling and Packing

After petha is soaked overnight, it is cooled and packed in airtight boxes.

Land and Building

You need to arrange a land of at least 1000 to 1200 square feet to start a small-scale petha manufacturing unit. This much space is required to run the working of your unit smoothly.

Plant and Machinery

Weighing Machine

A weighing machine is used to measure the weight of raw material and product that is petha and then it is packed as per weight.

Iron Karahi

It is kitchen equipment used to cook, boil or fry different foods. In the petha manufacturing unit, you can use karahi to boil petha fruit.


A stove is heating equipment in which natural gas works as fuel. Gas is supplied to the burner ais a t a sufficient pressure to induce a proper supply of air to mix into it. Stove is used to heat the utensils used in petha making unit for heating fruit and then sugar syrup.

Water Storage Tank

Water storage tank is used to store water for many applications in petha processing unit in India. It can help in fire suppression, irrigation, preparing petha and other uses as well.

Material Handling Equipments

  • Hand tool Bins
  • Trays
  • Trolleys Knife

Cost of Machinery

The complete machinery cost for setting up a petha processing unit in India is around Rs 5 Lakh. This cost excludes the cost or expense made to avail license or GST.

Power Requirement

The power requirement for a petha manufacturing unit is around 2 KW that can be made available from the power house of your city. You should also buy a DG set for standby power load arrangement.

Manpower Requirement

Manpower requirement for a petha processing unit is at least 8 to 20 employees. Among them you need 2 skilled employees, 4 unskilled ones and 4 administrative staff and at least 2 helpers.

Packaging Petha

There are certain factors that lead to spoilage or defect in petha.

Blemishes or Scars, Dark spots, discoloration, black nose etc. These are the abnormalities in the appearance of petha and this can spoil the entire lot and cause you tremendous loss.

Dirt– If you pack petha in open this can bring dirt in the recently manufactured petha leading to reduction in the quality of petha.

Insects and mites– As the manufactured petha is sweet in taste, it can be easily attacked by insects and mites. This leads to contamination by damage. The presence of insects, mites in your unit can spoil your entire lot and shut your business. Their excreta can also spoil your manufactured stock.

Scouring- Scouring is breakdown of sugar into acetic acid and alcohol by bacteria or yeast.

Packing of Petha

You need to wisely select the material which you will use to package the manufactured petha. It should save your lot from any kind of damage being caused by scouring, insects, etc.

To select the packaging material for packing petha you need to consider the following.

Water Vapour Transmission Rate of packaging materials and their effect on folding, crumpling, creasing on paper and aluminium foil. Thermoplastic materials are not affected much so they can be used to pack petha.

Selection of Packaging Material

  • Water Vapour Transmission rate
  • Oxygen Transmission Rate
  • Tensile Strength & Elongation
  • Tear Strength
  • Heat Seal Strength
Frequently used plastic based packaging material to pack petha

A good quality of polymeric materials beside aluminium foil or cellulosic are used to pack petha. Paper board or metal containers are also used. A variety of packaging materials is available but to pack petha you need to consider the shelf life of packaging material. Performance of wrapping machine also needs to be evaluated. The cost of packing per unit is significant as everything revolves around the cost.

Most commonly, petha is packed in plastic. It provides preservation and protection, strength, grease resistance, and printability. Plastic is light in weight so it is the most preferred material to pack petha. Plastic films and laminates are used to pack petha in the following form.

  • Polyethylene (PE)
  • Polypropylene
  • Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC)
  • Polyesters (PET) and Polyamide (PA)
  • Metallised Films
Types of Packages
  • Hanging Bags
  • Pillow Bags
  • Reclosable Zipper Bags and Pouches
  • Gusseted Poly Bags
Methods for Petha Packaging

From the perspective of business, packaging appearance is important as it helps to identify the product and differentiates itself. The most important materials used in packing are:

  • Wood, cardboard, and papers
  • Glass
  • Metals (steel, tin, aluminum)
Quality considerations during packing

Quality control of packed products is thoroughly checked before it is delivered fro sale. Document checking of package includes:

  • Package Weight
  • Petha Weight
  • Petha Arrangement
  • Uniformity of Pieces
  • Damage to petha
  • Defects
  • Moisture content
  • Surroundings are also checked.
  • Cleanliness of handling equipments while manufacturing petha.
  • Writing on package
  • Proper working of metal detector
  • Repackaging marking and installation
  • International standards qualification like ISO and HACCP
Labelling Standards

Labelling requirements for packaged food is laid down as follows.

  • Name of the product, Company Name and Description.
  • Name of ingredients used in descending order
  • Composition of ingredients by volume or weight
  • Name and address of manufacturer
  • Origin of product
  • Nutritional Information
  • Food Additives used like flavor, colors etc.
  • Instructions for using
  • Veg or Non-Veg
  • Net Weight
  • Distinctive Batch or lot
  • Month and year of manufacturing, expiry
  • Maximum Retail Price
Sanitary and Hygiene Requirements
  • The place where you manufacture petha needs to be located in sanitary place away from foul smell and must maintain hygienic environment.
  • Your unit should be away from environment pollution area.
  • The premises need to have proper space for manufacturing and storing packaged goods.
  • You need to keep the premises neat and clean with proper light and ventilation.
  • Floors must be maintained with sound conditions. They should be easy to clean and wash. Proper sprays should be made to kill insects and flies.
  • Doors and windows should be wire meshed so that insects do not enter and air is passed.
  • Continuous supply of water should be available in the premises. Petha Making Unit when started should get the set up done in a manner that remains clean. Cleaning of containers, utensils, tables, working area and parts of machinery should be done regularly.
Contents of Petha processing Unit Business Plan
Sr. No.Particulars
1Project At a Glance
2Highlights of The Project
3General Information and Location
4Promoters Background
5Project Introduction
6The Project Proposal
7The Products
8Prospect for Investment
9Potential Target Customers/Market
10Marketing Strategy
11Critical Success Factors
12Process Details and Technical Aspect
13Process Flowchart
14Technical Aspects
15Installed and Operational Capacity
16Quality and Standards
17Raw Materials and Consumables
18Power and Utility
19List of Machinery
20Tentative Implementation Schedule
21Basis & Presumptions
22Capital Investment Estimates
23Computation of Working Capital Requirement
24Estimated Cost of The Project
25Proposed Means of Financing
26Estimated Annual Sales Turnover
27Projected Profitability Statement
28Calculation of Interest Amount
29Depreciation Schedule
30Term Loan Repayment Schedule
31Debt Service Coverage Ratio
32Break-Even Analysis
33Projected Cash Flow Statement
34Projected Balance Sheet
35Permits and Business Licenses
36Important Steps to Start MSME Business Unit
37Tips to Identify Suitable Project Location
How to Download Petha Making Unit Project Report 

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For whom is Petha Making Unit Project report formats useful?
  1. CA Chartered Accountants
  2. Tax Consultants
  3. Small Business Owners
  4. Students
  5. Engineers
  6. Who wants to self-study

In addition to those who want to prepare project reports themselves.

Sample Project Report Format of Petha Manufacturing Unit

In our project report format, we cover technology details, diagrams, flow charts, etc. as and when required or deemed fit to include. Also, prepare in-depth financial calculations which are necessary for the Investor/bank.

You will get the report data from Petha Making Factory Project Report in PDF or MS Word. Which you can use easily. You can also modify the information according to your need. You will be able to access the data easily according to your requirement. Additionally, you can easily convert the data to PDF format.

Conclusion Of Petha Processing Unit Project Report

The petha processing unit project report could be designed for an individual enthusiastic about investing in this business and willing to generate extra earnings with his investment in this start up. This set up requires a detailed project report and business plan that can tell the entrepreneur in detail about the market research, industry trends, machinery, manufacturing process and a lot more. Our petha processing factory project report contains all the necessary details that you need to know before setting up your new business. It will help you in assisting to write down the project report and applying for a bank loan.

Frequently Asked Questions On Petha Making Unit Project Report

Where can i get petha making unit sample project report for bank loan pdf?

Well, you can explore the best petha making unit project report PDF on our website and take help by checking out all the important details for your new business from it. It will serve you as a guide using which you can write your own petha manufacturing unit project report and submit it to the bank to avail loan for your new venture.

What are the requirements to start a petha making unit in India?

You require a well written project report for petha making business. This you can get from our website in a gist of time. It contains every significant detail about this startup that can benefit you in making wise decisions. You will also have to arrange space and buy equipments that we have listed in the project report.

What is the right petha making unit project report format for bank loan?

We have clearly stated the right format for food tiffin start up in our project report. You can check out the project report details by downloading it after making a nominal payment to us. We have covered every important aspect of this venture in our report.

Can I download petha making unit project report in the format of excel or word file?

You can easily download petha manufacturing unit project report from our website in PDF Format and use it for writing your project report. If you want to get it in word or excel file. It is very simple to later convert the pdf to word or excel using free file converting tools.

Can I download petha processing unit project report and use it for bank loan under pmegp mudra and other government scheme?

The main objective of this project report is to highlight all important aspects of this business for your new set up and to provide sample format for preparing project reports for other purposes. However, according to your need, we will prepare customized project report for your set up so that you can get loan from the bank under any scheme

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