Biogas Plant Project Report



You can get the project report for setting up a Biogas manufacturing plant here. Do you want to set up your own Biogas manufacturing business? If so, you’ll get a complete project report that includes the manufacturing process, licenses, machines, and more.

Biogas is a low-cost, widely accessible, and sustainable energy source that may produce anaerobically from organic feedstocks. It is mostly methane and can come from various places, including animal dung, crop leftovers, municipal solid trash, etc. In India, disposable bio-waste has estimated to amount to around 600 million tonnes. If all of these need to be put to good use, we will be able to produce 25 times the CNG we currently use and replace more than half of our total fuel imports.

India is the world’s second-largest biogas consumer. According to Shri Dharmendra Pradhan, Minister of Oil and Natural Resources, India will receive a Rs 2 lakh crore investment in the establishment of 5000 biogas plants by 2023-24.

Biogas is a flammable gas produced when biomass has fermented in biogas facilities. In the absence of oxygen, biogas is a gas created by the biological decomposition of organic waste.

Why buy a project report of Biogas Plant?

A project report is necessary for the following reasons.

  1. Helps the investor to make an investment decision in the business.
  2. Makes the entrepreneur aware of the various aspects of the business.
  3. Helps in understanding the manufacturing process.
  4. Serves as a sample report to prepare project reports for other purposes.

Biogas Plant Business Plan & Introduction 

Biogas is a form of fuel that has made from waste material. It is a renewable energy source. Bio Gas is a gaseous fuel made from organic waste such as dead plant and animal material, animal manure, and kitchen trash. Bio Gas is predominantly composed of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide, with minor quantities of hydrogen sulphide (H2S), moisture, and siloxanes present. Methane, hydrogen, and carbon monoxide (CO) are all gases that may be combusted or oxidised with oxygen. You can use biogas for cooking and heating your home. A gas engine can also convert the gas’s energy into electricity and heat. Biogas can be compressed and utilised in automobiles in the same manner that natural gas works.

The biogas business is exploding in India, much like the solar and wind energy industries. It belongs under the Ministry of Renewable Energy, which is quite optimistic. India is becoming a popular location for renewable energy investment. Over $ 64 billion was spent in this area between 2014 and 2020, most of it coming from foreign countries.

The government considers biogas policy from a financial, technological, and social engineering standpoint. The government of India is providing a variety of direct and indirect incentives, such as CAPEX subsidies and tax breaks, to encourage the growth of the biogas industry. Let’s say a business owner builds a one-megawatt biogas plant. Then he’d be eligible for a ten-year tax break.

Our project report helps prepare a Biogas Plant business plan. You can purchase and download the report in PDF format.

Bio-Waste to Bio-Gas in India

Cattle dung is the most common animal manure used to generate renewable natural gas or biogas. Chicken excrement or poultry litter, as well as horse dung, are being considered. Biogas has produced by trapping methane from manure lagoons on dairy farms, landfills, and other sources.

There are also energy crops such as elephant grass and Napier grass. Agricultural wastes such as wheat straw, rice straw, and husks are being investigated, like rice straw burning by farmers produces significant pollution. It might solve the problem of making biogas from rice straw.

Liquid manure, agricultural products such as silage corn, agro-industrial, and food waste are other primary components. Organic wastes that can turn into biogas are produced or handled in landfills and wastewater treatment plants.

What are the facts included in the project report of a biogas plant?

The following facts are included in the project report of the biogas plant.

Sr. No.Particulars
2Biogas Plant
3Types Of Biogas Plant
4Market Potential
5Product Description
6Product Uses
7Raw Material
8Biogas Production Process
9Project Components
11Plant & Machinery List
12Power Requirement
13Manpower Requirement
15Cost Of Project
16Means Of Finance
17Projected Balance Sheet
18Projected Profitability Statement
19Cash Flow Statement
20Production And Yield
21Sales Revenue
22Working Capital Assessment
23Power, Salary & Wages Calculation
24Financial Ratio Analysis
25Computation Of Depreciation
26Calculation Of D.S.C.R
27Repayment Schedule Of Term Loan
28License & Approvals
29Implementation Schedule

Biogas Plant & Machinery

In most cases, a biogas plant is an anaerobic digester for waste or energy crops. Anaerobic digesters are capable of producing biogas.

The parts of a biogas plant are as follows and you can get detailed information about Biogas Plant from the Project Report.

  • Concrete tank (digester)- Anaerobic digestion, also known as methanization, produces biogas by breaking down organic waste from animals, plants, or sewage through the fermentation process. An anaerobic digester, also known as a biogas reactor or a biodigester, is used to carry out the process in a centralised system.
  • Floating Cover: It is put over the tank and continues to rise as the amount of gas in the tank increases.
  • Outlet: A pipe runs from the outlet to the extractor and distributer.
  • Slurry collectors collect cow dung as well as biowaste and water. Cowdung includes bacteria methanogens found in the rumen portion of a cow’s stomach and act on biowaste to make methane gas.
  • Sludge collectors remove sludge and use it as fertiliser for various purposes.

Types of Biogas Plant

The design and operation of biogas facilities determine their classification.

  1. Batch Type Biogas Plant
  2. Continuous Type Plant
  3. Movable Type Drums Plant
Batch Type Biogas Plant

Batch biogas plants are ideal for situations where daily supplies of raw waste materials are scarce. A batch loaded digester is filled, sealed, and left in the digester for a suitable time. After digestion is complete, the residue is drained and refilled. Because bacterial digestion begins slowly, peaks, and then tapers off as volatile solids intake increases, gas output is irregular.

We can solve this problem by having a small number of digesters such that at least one is constantly active. This issue may also be mitigated by linking batch loaded digesters in series and feeding them at different times, ensuring enough biogas is available daily.

Batch-fed biogas facilities have the following distinguishing characteristics:

  1. Gas output is irregular when done in batches.
  2. Batch plants may feature many digesters to provide a constant gas supply.
  3. Multiple digesters take up more room.
  4. Because these facilities require a large digester, the initial cost is high.
  5. To begin the digestive process, this plant requires the addition of fermented slurry.
Continuous Type Biogas Plant

The gas supply is constant in a constant type biogas plant, and the digester is supplied with biomass regularly. Single-stage, double-stage, or multiple-stage continuous biogas systems are available. In the case of single-chamber digestion, it is a single-stage process. In contrast, the digestion of waste materials in two chambers or digesters is a multi-stage process. Acidogenic and methanogenic stages are physically split into two rooms during the double-stage process. As a result, the initial step of acid synthesis takes place in a separate section, and only diluted acids are delivered into the bio-methanation chamber.

The acidogenic and methanogenic stages are carried out in a single step in the same chamber without a barrier. These plants are cost-effective, straightforward, and simple to run. These plants are most commonly used in small and medium-sized biogas facilities. On the other hand, the two-stage biogas facilities are more expensive, more complex to operate and maintain, but they produce more gas. For more extensive biogas plant systems, these plants are preferable.

The following are the critical characteristics of continuous-type biogas plants:

  1. Gas is produced constantly
  2. There is a shorter retention time
  3. There are fewer issues as compared to batch processing
  4. Digestive chambers of small size are required.
Movable drum-type Plants

Floating dome biogas plants are another name for this type of biogas plant. A brick digester with an entrance on one side for feeding slurry and an exit on the other side for removing digested slurry makes up the traditional moveable drum type. The gas is collected in a steel gasholder that is positioned on top of the slurry. Gas travels up and down based on the amount of gas accumulated and discharged via a central guide pipe. Steel makes up this moveable gas holder.

At least once a year, the gasholder is sprayed with anticorrosive paint. This plant aids in maintaining a constant pressure that may alter by adjusting weight. The most significant disadvantage is that metal is expensive, and upkeep is equally costly. To address this issue, scientists developed high-density polyethene.

The significant characteristics of continuous-type biogas facilities are as follows:

  1. We are maintaining a constant gas pressure.
  2. There is no risk of gas leakage.
  3. Increased gas output.
  4. Reduced scum problem.

Market Analysis

Market Trends: Biogas has been increasingly popular in recent years, notably in the United States, since it has been demonstrated to be ecologically benign and efficient when used in any equipment that works on gas. When compared to liquefied natural gas, it emits little to none.

The industry is developing new revenue streams from outsourced research and other related bioproducts, and strong growth in the current period is expected to continue. Technological advancements have sparked demand from downstream industries, and the industry is developing new revenue streams from outsourced research and other related bioproducts. Please keep in mind that external variables such as worldwide R&D funding and investor confidence in the Biomass Power business will influence the industry’s success.

Many investors are now investing in biogas production since it has been demonstrated to be a superior alternative for gas. It is currently being produced in commercial amounts in the United States, reducing reliance on natural gas imports.

Market Potential: Biogas has developed as a viable renewable energy conversion technique for the agricultural, animal, industrial, and municipal wastes. We can use Biogas development with sanitation and indoor air pollution reduction techniques to minimise greenhouse gas emissions. In India, total biogas production is at 2.07 billion m3/year.

Biomass is one of the most common energy sources in rural India, accounting for roughly 96 per cent of total energy consumption; yet, its usage is inefficient due to a lack of suitable stoves in most homes.

Product Uses

Biogas is environmentally beneficial and has a wide range of uses. Cooking, drying, chilling, and heating are some of them. It is utilised in the generation of energy, methanol, and steam. Other biogas applications in different sectors are listed below:

  1. Biogas is a clean gaseous fuel that may use for cooking and lighting.
  2. Because the digested slurry produced by biogas plants may be utilised as enhanced bio-manure, it can eliminate chemical fertilisers.
  3. Biogas is helpful for the environment and sanitary issues because toilets may be directly connected to biogas plants.
  4. These biogas facilities have provided millions of employment in most nations, particularly in the waste collecting and biogas producing sectors. In India, for example, the biogas plant business generates more than 10 million person-days of employment in rural regions each year.
  5. It is a renewable energy source for the local grid, providing both power and heat.
  6. Biogas is a method of recirculating organic waste from industry and homes ecologically acceptable.
  7. Due to the low cost of setup and the availability of waste materials, biogas might be especially beneficial in rural or disadvantaged locations.
  8. In locations with biogas facilities, waste collection and management increase dramatically. More individuals are getting interested in rubbish collecting as a source of income. As a result of this impact, the places become cleaner and more sanitary.
  9. The biogas production process produces enhanced organic manure, which may use to complement chemical fertilisers.

Raw Material

  • Crop waste or Agricultural residues as rice straw, wheat straw banana stem, maise stalks.
  • Animal waste include Cow Dung, poultry litter, horse dung, etc.
  • Municipal Solid Waste, slaughterhouse waste, vegetable market waste, kitchen waste.
  • Agro-Industry Waste.
  • Forestry Waste
  • Industrial by-product-Sugar mill press mud, Distilleries spent wash, Sago plant effluent.

Manufacturing Process

  1. Biogas Production Process (Food Waste &Cowdung).
  2. Cowdung is gathered from dairy farms and farmer organisations, while various food waste is obtained from agro-industry and municipal agencies. These raw materials are kept in storage facilities that include bins and a suitable enclosing structure.
  3. The food waste is transferred to a crusher, which effectively smashes the various food waste into a size and form suitable for use in slurry production. This crushed food waste is mixed with water in the slurry tank with cow dung. The agitator is used to create a consistent slurry in the slurry tank.
  4. The slurry is then poured into a biogas plant’s digester, which effectively decomposes the organic waste, mainly producing methane and other gases, collectively known as biogas.
  5. The gas collects in a dome or floating cover, from which it is regularly evacuated via a flow control valve. The digester’s used slurry or sludge is piped into a sludge tank, where it can be utilised as manure.
  6. The biogas is collected in a giant gas receiver, which functions as a temporary holding tank after being sucked in by a compressor. This gas is then loaded into gas cylinders with suitable pressure regulators and valves, subsequently sold or filled into a giant pressure vessel. The supply is delivered to clients through the regulator and pipeline system.
Agreement /Permissions/licenses need in India
  • Pollution control
  • NOC from Municipal corporation or Gram Panchayat
  • PESO
  • Electricity connection
  • Water connection
  • Factory license from the inspector of factories
  • Change of Land of use
  • NOC from SEBZ
Biogas Plant Costing

The cost of a biogas plant varies depending on the location and size of the facility. A two cubic metre biogas plant costs around Rs. 17,000/- on average. It is generally 30 per cent higher in hilly terrain and 50 per cent higher in the states of the North Eastern Region.

Biogas Storage

Biogas is rarely produced at the time or in the amount necessary to meet the load requirements of the conversion system. Storage systems are used to smooth out changes in gas generation, gas quality, and gas consumption when this happens. The storage component serves as a reservoir, maintaining a steady pressure for downstream equipment.

Biogas storage tanks have been made from a variety of materials. Low-pressure storage vessels can be steel, concrete, or polymers, whereas medium- and high-pressure storage tanks are often made of mild steel. The polyester fabric looks acceptable for flexible digester covers in the new reinforced plastics. The biogas storage option is influenced by the delivery pressure required by the ultimate biogas conversion system.

Publicity and Advertising Strategy

A Publicity and advertising plan aren’t just for attracting customers; it’s also for efficiently communicating a product. Here are some of the platforms that have been utilised to promote and advertise Biogas Production:

  • Advertise in newspapers, radio stations, and television stations in your area.
  • Encourage our loyal customers to spread the information through word of mouth.
  • Use the internet and social media platforms for marketing our business, such as YouTube, Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Snapchat, Google+, etc.
  • Ensure that our banners and billboards are placed in strategic locations.
  • Distribute leaflets and handbills in and around the neighbourhood’s target regions.
  • Promote the biogas producing firm on the official website and use techniques to drive visitors to the site.


How to get Project Report of Biogas Plant?

You can download the project report of the Biogas Plant in PDF format instantly by paying a nominal fee online.

What are the reasons for switching over to this alternate fuel are mainly?
  1. Economic benefits: The cost of compressed bio gas (CBG) is roughly a third of the cost of gasoline in terms of calorific value, resulting in significant fuel cost savings and a quick payback on the CBG kit investment.
  2. Environment friendly: CBG as a fuel reduces vehicular exhaust emissions significantly. Carbon monoxide emissions are compared to vehicles that use conventional fuel- petrol. Carbon dioxide emissions, a major contributor to global warming, are also decreased by 10%.
  3. Employment generation in rural areas: The main problem is unemployment in rural areas. Due to unemployment, fulfilling basic needs like food, shelter, energy, and education leads to rampant poverty. Due to poverty, the people belonging to scheduled caste, scheduled tribe and backward caste cannot give education to children. This project offers an excellent possibility of employment generation in villages. A 500M3 biogas (methane cylinder plant) can directly benefit approximately 60 people. Some individuals will be responsible for collecting dung, while others will mix the manure with water and feed it to biogas digesters. Two or three technical personnel are required to operate the plant, while others will be responsible for processing and marketing the biogas slurry (manure). Due to the high expense of manure management and the salinity issues connected with manure application, farmers are often hesitant to employ waste in their fields. Now the farmers get a trouble-free substitute in the form of biogas slurry. Hence, this project seems to be technologically and financially feasible as a rural enterprise project in energy self-reliance for villages.
What other topics should we study along with the project report of a biogas plant?

You will find it beneficial to study the following topics along with the project report of the biogas plant.

In India, how lucrative is biogas?

Biogas may be used for a variety of purposes:

  • For cooking and lighting purpose in the home.
  • Electricity is generated by using generators or engines.
  • The wastes can be used to fertilise the soil as high-quality compost.
  • They may be utilised as transportation fuels, eliminating the requirement for imports.
  • A biogas bottling factory with a capacity of 100 m3 per day can fill eight cylinders with 6 kilogrammes per day. A plant of this size can produce energy equivalent to 17,520 litres of gasoline or diesel in a year. Amounts to roughly Rs 10 lakhs in gasoline every year, which may be sold as fuel for vehicles such as autorickshaws and buses and irrigation pump sets and energy generators. With so much biogas being used, we may recoup the cost of a single enrichment and bottling facility in three years.
  • The biogas industry in India is a burgeoning sector with a lot of potential thanks to the government’s backing.
What is the value of the global biogas plant market ?

According to Fortune Business Insights, the worldwide market size in 2019 was USD 5.05 billion.

By 2027, how much will the worldwide market be worth?

The worldwide market is expected to reach USD 7.71 billion by 2027, with a significant CAGR of 14.7 per cent during that period (2020-2027).

Which market category is the most popular?

The bio-municipal waste sector has the largest market share based on feedstock.

In which format of the document is the project report of a biogas plant available on the website?

Project report of biogas plant is available on the website in pdf format of the document.


You may also like…