Naphthalene Balls Project Report



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The process of making naphthalene balls is simple. Also, anyone can start this business with small capital investment. Naphthalene balls are widely used for household preservatives for woolen cloth bathrooms, etc.


Generally, you can produce these balls from naphthalene flakes by a pellet making machine. The shape of the ball dies in this type of machine. With very little knowledge about technical experts, anyone can start a business as a home-based manufacturing unit.


Naphthalene balls are consumable products and find wide application in cities. General awareness in hygiene is improving, and hence this product has good scope for development.  The manufactured balls disappear over time without leaving a solid.


They are also known as mothballs or camphor balls, which are spherical pieces of a white solid material, which contain at least 98% naphthalene. Naphthalene is a taric aromatic hydrocarbon derived from coal tar or crude oil. It is a pesticide also used as a repellent.


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For whom are the business plan of Naphthalene Balls useful?


Business Plans are helpful for the following persons.


  • Persons are starting a startup in the field of the chemical industry.
  • Individuals are investing in a business.
  • Professionals who do the work of preparing project reports.
  • Research and study person on the chemical industry.
  • Chartered Accountant, Cost Accountant 

To Buy Machines

The main essential machine is the naphthalene balls making machine. There are two types of machine options.  You can go for manually operated or power operated. However, you can produce more uniform and quality products from a power used machine.

Apart from this, you will also need MS jacketed utensils, a heating system, storage tank, weight scale, and pouch seal machine. The list of machinery includes:

  • Steam Jacket KS Kettle,
  • Steam distillation kettle,
  • Sulfuric acid storage tank,
  • Delivery pump,
  • Edge runner,
  • Pellet making machine rotary type,
  • Miscellaneous tools and equipment,
  • Raw materials to make naphthalene balls.

The detailed process of machine and manufacturing are in the project report of naphthalene balls.

Raw Materials

You have to purchase raw materials like naphthalene flakes, phenol, camphor, and other chemical materials in starting a business.

Apart from this, you will also have to purchase packaging consumables. Airtight packaging is essential.  Generally, you can use transparent polyethylene packaging.

Additionally, you will need to purchase outer cartons for bulk packaging.

Cost To Start Naphthalene Balls Manufacturing Project

The main cost you have to spend on this project is to buy the naphthalene balls manufacturing machine. The market price of the machine ranges from lakh/unit to 3 lakh per unit. There will be some cost to purchase licenses, manpower, raw material, etc., apart from the machine.

It would be best if you were prepared to invest in the range of Rs. 8 lakh – 10 lakh to start a small scale naphthalene balls manufacturing unit.

Manufacturing Process For Making Naphthalene Balls

  • First, feed the naphthalene flakes into a jacketed pot. Maintain temperature at 88° C, and a stirring material shakes.
  • When naphthalene melts, other ingredients such as paraffin wax, camphor, etc., are added and mixed well.  The liquefied mass is fed into ball press aluminum molds.
  • After cooling, you can lift out the naphthalene balls from the machine. In the end, you will need to pack the naphthalene balls properly.
  • Do you want to understand the manufacturing process in detail? If yes, you can get more information by purchasing the project report of naphthalene balls.

SWOT Analysis

  • Strengths: Naphthalene balls are widely used for household preservatives for woolen cloth and bathrooms, so their demand is wide. The process of making naphthalene balls is simple that anyone can proceed with this business. Also, anyone can start this business with small capital investment, and this business is highly profitable.
  • Weakness: To start a naphthalene ball manufacturing business, it is necessary to have a little technical knowledge. The naphthalene ball manufacturing business includes so many expenses like machinery, licenses, manpower, and promotion.
  • Opportunities: For growing your naphthalene ball manufacturing business, trying to promote your business in search engines like Google will give you a lot of marketing opportunities. Top places to search are Amazon, Flipkart, etc. Make a deal with big dealers to gain more profit.
  • Threats: To start a naphthalene ball manufacturing business, it is quite challenging to earn the right amount of profit for a few months of business start. To make your naphthalene ball manufacturing business name in the market, you have to do a lot of hard work.

Although these are simple production plans for the naphthalene ball manufacturing business. The naphthalene ball manufacturing business is an economically viable project with huge returns with little investment. And anyone can start this business on a home.

What are the main points of attention in the project report of naphthalene balls?

In the project report of naphthalene balls, attention has been given to the following key attributes:

Sr. No.Particulars
1Project At A Glance
2Cost Of Project
3Means Of Finance
4Production Process Flow Chart
5Raw Materials
6Naphthalene Balls Making Machine
8Pollution Control
9Projected Balance Sheet
10Projected Profitability Statement
11Cash Flow Statement
12Computation Of Manufacturing
13Computation Of Working Capital Requirement
14Break Up Of Labour
15Break Up Of Salary
16Computation Of Depreciation
17Repayment Schedule Of Term Loan
18Calculation Of D.S.C.R
19Computation Of Sale
20Computation Of Electricity
21Break Even Point Analysis
What is used to make naphthalene balls?

Naphthalene is a bicyclic aromatic hydrocarbon derived from crude oil or coal tar.

How do you make naphthalene?

Naphthalene can be produced from either coal tar or petroleum.  Fractionation and Distillation of coal tar is the most common production process.  The middle fraction (containing most naphthalene) is cooled, naphthalene is crystallized.

What if we smell naphthalene balls?

Mothballs contain a toxic chemical, either naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene.  Both come to gases when exposed to air and cause that pungent mothball odor.  These gases irritate the eyes and lungs and can cause headaches, dizziness, and nausea.  They are both suspected of causing cancer.

What is the active ingredient in mothballs?

Mothballs are usually made of naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene, both of which are toxic to humans. These chemicals solidify at room temperature and are made into round balls, flakes, or cakes that slowly turn into gas and become fumes in the air.

Which of the following is the raw material used to make naphthalene balls?

Required for the manufacture of raw materials are Naphthalene Balls, Naphthalene Flakes, camphor, etc.

Are naphthalene balls obtained from coal tar?

Most of the naphthalene is derived from coal tar.  From the 1960s to the 1990s, a considerable amount of naphthalene was produced during petroleum refinement, but today the petroleum derivative is only a minor component of naphthalene production.

What project reports do you have related to the chemical industry?

We have the following project reports related to the chemical industry.

Is naphthalene toxic to humans?

Inhalation of naphthalene can cause eye and skin irritation; Gastrointestinal symptoms, such as vomiting, nausea, stomach cramps, and diarrhea; Neurologic symptoms such as excitement, confusion, and cramps; problems related to the kidneys, such as acute renal closure;  And hematologic features, such as icterus and severe anemia.

Are naphthalene balls the same as camphor?

Naphthalene and camphor’s main difference is that naphthalene is a chemical compound and a group of Camphor stereoisomers. Naphthalene is an organic compound whose formula is C10H8.  Camphor can be produced artificially from turpentine oil.

Is it safe to use naphthalene balls in the kitchen?

But, despite its many uses, fumes from naphthalene balls are quite harmful.  The chemical is not only toxic but also carcinogenic (due to cancer).  It has become associated with many other health hazards and blood cells damaged by nausea and headaches.

How long do open-air mothballs last?

It takes 3-6 months to destroy a mothball in the open air.  Mothballs under open-airspace clothing or otherwise not in the open air will take up to 12 months to be destroyed.

Is naphthalene banned?

The substance is banned due to toxicity to humans, especially children, and has carcinogenic (cancer-causing) properties.  It is also highly flammable.

Why do we use naphthalene balls?

Mothballs are insecticides meant to kill cloth mites and other cloth pests.  The Environmental Protection Agency regulates them in the United States.  The label of any insecticide, including mothballs, specifies where and how you can use the product legally.

Can naphthalene balls keep mice away?

Mothballs that repel mice and rats are a common misconception.  Mothballs contain small amounts of naphthalene and in large quantities can be preventive. However, they are not powerful enough to get rid of mice and rodents.

Does the animal smell like mothballs?

Some types of kites eat clothes and fiber.

Why are naphthalene balls kept with clothes?

Naphthalene balls are slowly sublime.  When they are placed in clothes, they are lofty without leaving any residue, and there is no role to ward off any role bugs that can damage the fabric.

Why do I smell mothballs?

People with sinus problems often have a scented reminder of mothballs.  This is because mucus is formed when you have a very dense protein in a stuffy nose or congested throat.  These are proteins that are difficult for the body to break down, have a very distinctive smell. 


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